ВЕРНОСТЬ - FIDELITY № 46 - 2006
The Editorial Board is glad to inform our Readers that this issue of “FIDELITY” has articles in English, and Russian Languages.
С удовлетворением сообщаем, что в этом номере журнала “ВЕРНОСТЬ” помещены статьи на английском и русском языках.
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CHRIST IS RISEN!
The Founders and Board of Directors of The Metropolitan Anthony Memorial Society and the Editorial Board of "Fidelity" congratulate the Most Reverend Archpastors, Clergy, and Faithful of the Russian Orthodox Church and our dear Readers and Donors with the Most Glorius Holyday of Holy Paskha!
INDEED HE IS RISEN!
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ВЫСОКОПРЕОСВЯЩЕННЕЙШИХ АРХИПАСТЫРЕЙ РУССКОЙ ЦЕРКВИ, ДУХОВЕНСТВО, МИРЯН, НАШИХ ДОРОГИХ ЧИТАТЕЛЕЙ И ЖЕРТВОВАТЕЛЕЙ - ОСНОВАТЕЛИ, ПРАВЛЕНИЕ ОБЩЕСТВА И РЕДАКЦИЯ "ВЕРНОСТИ" ПОЗДРАВЛЯЮТ С СВЕТОЗАРНЫМ ПРАЗДНИКОМ СВЯТОЙ ПАСХИ ХРИСТОВОЙ
ВОИСТИНУ ХРИСТОС ВОСКРЕСЕ!
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Contents - Оглавление
1. "СЛОВО О ВОСКРЕСЕНИИ ХРИСТОВОМ". МИТРОПОЛИТ ФИЛАРЕТ .
2. "ПАСХАЛЬНОЕ ПОСЛАНИЕ" Председателя Архиерейского Синода РИПЦ АРХИЕПИСКОПА ТИХОНА
3. "THE PASCHA OF THE LORD". Fr. Dr. Photios (W)
4. "ОБРАЩЕНИЕ - ПРИЗЫВ к духовенству и верным чадам Русской Зарубежной Церкви Председателя Архиерейского Синода РИПЦ АРХИЕПИСКОПА ТИХОНА
5. "LET US BRETHREN PREPARE TO GIVE THE KISS AS DID JUDAS LET US FIND A TREE ON WHICH TO HANG OURSELVES" , Eugenia Richard
6. "A LIFE OF METROPOLITAN PHILARET OF NEW YORK". Dr. V.E. Moss
7. "СЛОВО В ДЕНЬ КУРСКОЙ - КОРЕННОЙ ИКОНЫ БОЖИЕЙ МАТЕРИ.
О РУССКОЙ ПРАВОСЛАВНОЙ ЦЕРКВИ ЗАГРАНИЦЕЙ. МИТРОПОЛИТ ФИЛАРЕТ.
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СЛОВО О ВОСКРЕСЕНИИ ХРИСТОВОМ
МИТРОПОЛИТ ФИЛАРЕТ (ВОЗНЕСЕНСКИЙ)
Вот и кончается, возлюбленные, Светлая Пасхальная седмица, в которой все дни, как один, исполнены восторженного славословия Христа воскресшего. Но с Праздником Пасхи, как, конечно, многие из вас знают, мы еще отнюдь не расстаемся, потому что окончательно Пасхальное празднование прекращается только накануне Праздника Вознесения Господня, в так называемый день "Отдания Пасхи". Так что, еще долго мы с вами будем славить Христа воскресшего.
Воскресение Господа нашего Иисуса Христа является настолько огромным событием в истории человечества, что и когда Апостолы пошли на проповедь, то, по преимуществу, они себя называли "свидетелями Воскресения Христова". Ведь когда мы с вами читаем Евангелия, то мы видим, как много, так сказать, "обязательств" берет на Себя в Евангелии Господь наш Иисус Христос. Он говорит: "Я есмь, Аз есмь (Я -) воскресение и жизнь; верующий в Меня если и умрет, то оживет".
Что если бы кто-нибудь из современных умников, "учителей человечества", сказал бы о себе такую вещь? С полным правом заключили бы все, что у него мозги не в порядке. А вот когда эти слова говорит Господь наш, то мы чувствуем Божественную правду и силу их. И вот, Он и говорит: "Верующий в Меня имеет жизнь вечную.
Но - легко все это сказать, а нужно, чтобы все это было подтверждено фактами. И вот Спаситель наш это подтвердил дважды. Один раз - когда воскресил Лазаря из гроба уже. Именно - из гроба. Он говорил, что "придет час, когда все сущие во гробах услышат глас Сына Божия и, услышавши, оживут. Вот на примере воскрешения Лазаря мы видим, как должны сбыться эти слова. Ибо Лазарь именно на повелительный глас Сына Божия вышел из пещеры живым и здоровым.
Но еще большее,
конечно, удостоверение - это воскресение Самого Спасителя. Если бы Он не
воскрес, если б Он остался во гробе, то всякий мог бы сказать:
- Да что Он там наобещал людям, когда Он Сам-то не воскрес! Как Он мог говорит, что "верующий в Меня если и умрет, оживет", что "Я есмь воскресение и жизнь"?
Но когда мы с вами видим, что Он Сам воскрес победоносно во славе, вот тут сразу и удостоверяется Святая истина Его Божественных слов. Раз Он - победитель смерти, следственно Он ее победит в конце веков окончательно, как и говорится в "Апокалипсисе": последний враг упразднится, то есть, уничтожится, - это смерть. И смерти - не будет уже. И вот потому-то так радуется душа человеческая в Воскресение Христово.
Радость Пасхи - совершенно особое чувство, как указывали святые Отцы. И Господь в эту Пасхальную ночь посылает ее всем. Верующим - именно как радость праздника, с которым ничто другое не сравнится. И даже - заблудившимся и отступившим - в виде скорби, грусти и ощущения, что что-то у них не так, а что правда - вот тут, там, где говорит о ней Церковь.
Поэтому-то Церковь так долго и празднует Праздник воскресения Христова, как никакой другой. От первого дня Пасхи до самого Вознесения, до Отдания Пасхи - это выходит больше месяца. Беспримерное время празднования! потому что и самый Праздник - совершенно исключительный. В Воскресение Христа Спасителя зло побеждено добром, тьма рассеялась от света. И - ложь побеждена правдою, которая восторжествовала.
Правда, ложь пыталась и потом вмешаться в это дело, когда книжники и фарисеи уговорили римских воинов, чтобы они сказали: "Ученики пришли и украли Его тело." Но более неправдоподобной выдумки - и ожидать трудно. Прежде всего, все знали, какими неустрашимыми были стражи- воины и какими они были бдительными. Римский солдат головой отвечал за то, что он охранял. И уж, конечно же, если бы Апостолы пришли за телом Учителя, то несдобровать бы им! Тут стояла римская стража, лучшая в мiре! И, однако же, все это - ложь, которая, правда, до сих пор иногда распространяется.
Но - истина сияет ярче солнца! И всякая христианская душа в Пасху, особенно - в самую Пасхальную ночь - исполняется восторга и радости духовной. Потому что Господь Иисус Христос победил тьму, зло и ложь не за Себя только, а за всех нас. Он всех нас обещает сделать причастниками вечного Воскресения, говоря о том, что тот, кто в него верует, "если и умрет, оживет", и так оно и будет, а поэтому-то радость Христова воскресения - это радость вечная и немеркнущая.
новость, когда она сообщена только что, - интересует людей. Потом ее интерес -
угасает, и, в конце концов, когда снова об этом вспоминают, говорят:
-Ну, это старое дело! Никому оно не интересно!
А вот Истина Воскресения Христова каждый год обновляется заново и всегда - новая, потому что душа человеческая восторженно откликается на весть о том, что Господь наш Иисус Христос Воскрес. Аминь.
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Председателя Архиерейского Синода Русской Истинно-Православной Церкви
Возлюбленные о Господе отцы, братья и сестры –
Вот уже почти две тысячи лет раздается этот победный возглас – Христос Воскрес! Раздается он на небе и на земле, и в самой преисподней «все исполнилось светом» в эту Пасхальную ночь. Трепещет и радуется всякая живая душа, и даже неодушевленное солнце светит в эти ранние утренние часы совсем по-другому: не так как в обычные дни – весело, радостно.
Именно так – вся природа радуется, ибо в Воскресении Христовом обрела свой подлинный, настоящий смысл. Смысл своего существования, смысл создания ее Творцом – вечного пребывания в Боге.
Без Воскресения Господа человеческое существование и весь этот видимый мiр, погруженные в темницу греха и смерти, были бы безрадостны и безнадежны, потому что какая же радость может быть в болезни и неизбежной смерти. О, если бы только болезни и смерти телесной – это было бы полбеды: отмучился человек, отстрадал, умер и погребли его... Но душа человека безсмертна. Она никогда не исчезнет, не растворится в небытии – она вечна, как вечен Сам Бог, ее Творец и Создатель. Она может умереть только духовною смертию – отпасть от своего Творца, низринувшись даже до дна адова... Она может только ожесточиться на весь мiр и на Бога, но она не исчезнет никогда.
Какой ужас, если бы было так, если бы человеческая душа была обречена на нескончаемый, холодный огонь вражды и ненависти. Ведь ад начинается уже здесь, на земле – он в сердце человека...
Так было бы, если б не воскрес Христос.
Где твое жало, смерть? Ад, где твоя победа? – Нет больше жала у смерти, и побежден ад, потому что воистину Воскрес Христос!
«Смерти празднуем умерщвление», – поет Христова Церковь, – празднуем разрушение торжествующего над мiром, неистребимого (как казалось диаволу), всепожирающего зла. Какое могущество веры, надежды и радости! В Нем, Победителе ада и смерти – полнота святости, неисчерпаемой нравственной силы, залог вечной жизни с Богом. Отныне не ад становится последним приютом для души, а Рай, который начинается в сердце человека уже здесь, на земле.
Но как это стало возможно? Как случилось, что Сам Бог решил стать Человеком, вкусить все страдания человека, кроме греха, вкусить самую смерть, виновником которой Он не был – чтобы освободить человека от страдания и смерти и вернуть его в потерянный им Рай?
«Ибо так возлюбил Бог мiр, что отдал Сына Своего единородного, дабы всякий, верующий в Него, не погиб, но имел жизнь вечную» (Иоанн. 3, 16).
Бог возлюбил мiр. Возлюбил человека в этом мiре – во всей его наготе, со всем его злом и ненавистью друг ко другу и к Нему Самому. Не зло, не ненависть возлюбил Бог, а человека, запутавшегося в сетях собственной злобы и ненависти: «Ибо не послал Бог Сына Своего в мір, чтобы судить мiр, но чтобы мiр спасен был через Него» (Иоанн. 16, 17).
Вот источник нашего спасения и вечной радости – Любовь.
Любовь всепроникающая, всепрощающая, любовь сострадающая – до кровавого пота, до нравственных страданий души Самого Богочеловека Христа. Любовь, которою Иисус объял в сердце Своем страдающую душу каждого человека – доброго и злого, богатого и раба, чистого и развращенного, убийцы и убиенного – каждую душу из всех миллиардов родившихся и уже умерших, живших при Нем и еще не рожденных поместил в Своем сердце Христос, омыл ее Своею кровию, согрел Своим теплом.
Но как не бывает любви без сострадания, не бывает и сострадания без жертвы. Только Крестная Жертва могла стать венцом Сострадательной Любви Христа. Только Голгофой могла закончиться Гефсимания. Это так, таков закон нравственной духовной жизни человека, аскеза его души. Таков закон Любви. Он создан Самим Богом – не человеком, он непреложен и вечен, как вечен Сам Бог. Мы знаем его несомненно, потому что Бог Сам, ради человека страдал, вкусил смерть и Воскрес из мертвых.
И в нашей земной жизни, если мы только искренние последователи Христа, можно пройти ко спасению тем же путем страдания и жертвы, каким прошел, и какой проложил для нас Христос. Только в страданиях очищается, и духовно возрастает душа; а страдания ничего не стоят без сострадания и подлинного прощения.
Вот какой любовью возродил нас Христос. Вот как сделал Он наши страдания радостными, а ношу – легкой. И если еще погибает человек от греха и смерти, от уныния и нечистоты – это значит только, что он не принял единственное Лекарство, которое ему подарил Бог – Христа. Потому что Он – Бог добровольной любви, а не насилия, хотя бы и “во благо” самого человека.
С Воскресением Христовым гроб для нас, христиан, перестал быть вечной тьмой, а лишь вратами. Для всех, кто исполнен любви к Сыну Божию, гроб стал последней преградой – тонкой и непрочной. Преступив чрез эту преграду, пройдя чрез эти врата – мы войдем в брачный чертог Жениха душ христианских – Господа нашего Иисуса Христа. Но не сами по себе, не как самостоятельные путники – а как чада Его, как члены Его Тела – право славящей Господа Церкви Христовой.
Вне Церкви, вне Ее благодатных Даров, исцеляющих и укрепляющих сердце христианина – не выжить в этой знойной, всё иссушающей пустыне страстей. Без аскетического, духовного опыта отцов Церкви – не дойти до конечного пути, до Царства Небесного. Помните об этом, мои возлюбленные отцы и братие, дорожите этим Даром, который подает нам Церковь, и не пренебрегайте духовным опытом Ее верных сынов. Многие пренебрегли этим Даром и этим опытом, заблудились и погибли. Многие приняли этот Дар и воспользовались мудрым опытом – и спаслись. Но не забывайте при этом, что не сами мы спасаемся своими “подвигами”, но спасает нас страдавший за нас и воскресший Христос.
Много зла в мiре окружает христиан, много лукавства, тайных сетей и ловушек поставил на пути в Рай диавол. О них предупреждал нас Спаситель, их научают нас избегать святые отцы. Сегодня не будем об этом много говорить, но об одной такой опасности хочется сказать, и предупредить даже в эти радостные пасхальные дни.
Что больше всего погубляет душу человека? Что больше всего омрачает, как червь разъедает изнутри церковную жизнь? – Гордость. Она была причиной падения с неба светоносного ангела, она стала причиной падения человеков. От нее рождаются все богомерзкие страсти: властолюбие, недоверие, злословие и клевета, нетерпимость, интриги, ненависть... Посмотрите на современное “православие”: деление на “церковные” партии, фракции, течения и группы; их вражда, безконечные дробления, исчезновения старых и появление новых – становится знамением времени. Это ли Православие, призванное хранить Истину Христову?
Великий авва нашего времени Архиепископ Аверкий (Таушев) предупреждал, что когда в сердцах людей исчезает любовь – утрачивается единство со Христом; к Церкви начинают относиться как к земной организации. И хотя на словах продолжают говорить о верности Христу и мистическом Теле Церкви – принадлежность к этому Телу, Христу, начинает смешиваться в сознании с членством в той или иной “церковной партии”. Тогда позволительным становится разрушить жизнь человека под предлогом “чистки в Церкви”, если человек этой организации “не выгоден”.
В таких условиях клирики, монахи и мiряне натравливаются друг на друга, начинают друг друга ненавидеть, и разгорается вражда во имя защиты интересов их “церковных партий”. Одна группировка откалывается от другой, и стремится узаконить своё положение любыми юридическими и каноническими “аргументами”. Мелкие партии могут соединяться в более крупные, чтобы чувствовать себя “каноничнее”; они могут говорить о своем внешнем единстве, как будто оно и составляет подлинно духовное единство Церкви. Но они выдают себя в том, что объединение их политическое, временное – не в Истине и не со Христом; когда они вновь распадаются, весь жар их злобы направлен на бывших единомышленников.
Владыка Аверкий называл это явление “партийным сознанием”. Он считал это опасной духовной болезнью, свойственной именно последнему времени в истории человечества; болезнью, размывающей подлинно церковное сознание многих православных иерархов, пастырей и мiрян. «Церковь, – подчеркивал Архиепископ Аверкий, – дана нам для спасения наших душ и ни для чего больше! Мы не можем делать Ее своим орудием, или превращать Ее в арену для разгула своих страстей и интересов ради достижения личных наших целей». Нужно помнить, что “партийная политика” по своей сути чужда истинному христианству и является признаком сектантства. Сектантство – это борьба против всех, с почитанием правыми только себя. Сектанты не спасутся – из-за духа вражды, состояния борьбы против остальных за свою исключительность. И не нужно думать, что “православие само по себе” спасет. Как не спасаются протестантские сектанты, так не спасутся и сектанты “православные”.
По мнению Святителя Аверкия, всякая “церковная политика” безполезна и безплодна, независимо от того, какая бы “правильная” партия её ни вела. Едва ли она стоит того, чтобы становиться монахом, отдавать ей всю жизнь, лишаясь возможности вступить в брак и иметь семью. Но скажу даже более: она не приведет христианина ко спасению, но еще скорее погубит, т.к. становится рассадником для разгула страстей. «Только святая ревность (которая есть любовь) по Боге, о Христе, ближних, – писал Владыка Аверкий, – без всякой примеси хитрой и двусмысленно коварной политики, должна руководить нами во всех наших делах и поступках». И не важно – архиерей ты или священник, монах или мiрянин. Если ты стал на скользкий путь “церковной политики”, значит ты сошел с благодатного и спасительного пути Истинной Церкви – единения со Христом. Вот об этой опасности, словно раковая опухоль поразившей т.н. “официальное” и “альтернативное православие”, хочется предупредить и оградить вас, ибо Истина Православия, Истинное Православие совсем в другом.
Но не унывайте, братие-христиане, а возрадуйтесь, ибо Христос в Своем воскресении победил грех. Особенно радостно воспринимается весть о Воскресении Христовом теми, в душах которых живет Воскресший Христос, которые сами живут надеждой воскресения и жизни вечной – то есть живут жизнью, общей со всею Церковью, Которая есть Тело Христово.
Несмотря на растущее отступление от Христа и Его заповедей, наблюдаемое в обезумевшем мiре, мы не должны падать духом, ибо знаем, что всему этому надлежит быть. Но будем помнить и то, что над всем воцарится Христос Бог наш, «подобает бо Ему царствовати, дондеже положит вся враги под ногама Своима. Последний же враг испразднится – смерть» (1 Кор.15. 25-26).
Празднуемое нами Светлое Воскресение Христово напоминает нам об этом, радует, утешает, веселит, внушая духовную бодрость и неустрашимое мужество к перенесению всех скорбей и страданий, встречающихся на нашем жизненном пути.
Со Светлым Христовым Воскресением от всего сердца поздравляю всех Вас, возлюбленные о Господе Иисусе братие и сестры –
Воистину Воскрес Христос!!!
+ Смиренный Тихон,
Божией милостию Архиепископ Омский и Сибирский,
Председатель Архиерейского Синода
Русской Истинно-Православной Церкви
* * *
THE PASCHA OF THE LORD
(in the beginning was the Word: Christ is risen!)
Acts 1:1-8 St. John 1:1-17
PASCAL HOMILY BY ST. JOHN CHRYSOSTOM, DOCTOR OF THE CHURCH
Fr. Dr. Photios+ (W) +
Gospel: In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God.
The same was in the beginning with God.
All things were made by Him; and without Him was not any thing made that was made.
In Him was life; and the life was the light of men.
And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not.
There was a man sent from God, whose name was John.
The same came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light, that all men through him might believe.
He was not that Light, but was sent to bear witness of that Light.
That was the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world.
He was in the world, and the world was made by Him, and the world knew Him not
He came unto His own, and His own received Him not.
But as many as received Him, to them gave He power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on His name:
Which were born, not of blood, nor of the will of the flesh, nor of the will of man, but of God.
And the Word was made flesh, and dwelt among us, (and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the Only-Begotten of the Father,) full of grace and truth.
John bare witness of Him, and cried, saying, This was He of whom I spake, He that cometh after me is preferred before me: for He was before me.
And of His fullness have all we received, and grace for grace.
For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ.
In Him, being the God-man, there was created and preserved in the most ideal way an equilibrium between the Divine and the human; and preserved together with this was the autonomy of what is of man and nature, as well as the autonomy of what is of God and Divine…
[St. Athanasius the Great, On The Incarnation, cited on p. 11 of 20, St. John the Forerunner Parish, Canberra, Australia, at http://www.rocor.org/au/stjohntheforerunnerchurch/saints/may-week1.html.]
66. The mystery of the Incarnation of the Logos is the key to all the arcane symbolism and typology in the Scriptures, and in addition gives us knowledge of created things, both visible and intelligible. He who apprehends the mystery of the Cross and the Burial apprehends the inward essences of created things; while he who is initiated into the inexpressible power of the Resurrection apprehends the purpose for which God first established everything. [St. Maximos the Confessor in The Philokalia (compiled by St. Nikodimos of the Holy Mountain and St. Macarios of Corinth), Volume Two (tr. from the Greek and ed. by G.E.H. Palmer, Philip Sherrard, Kallistos Ware), Faber and Faber, 1981, paperback edition, 1990, p. 127.]
Who and What is the Godhead? St. John’s Emphasis –
On Resurrection Day (Pascha), it is fitting we consider who and what our Saviour Christ was, and is. No one has explained it as spiritually or as well as the Beloved Disciple. The Apostle John wrote the most spiritual of the Gospels, His account is particularly esteemed by the Orthodox. This does not mean that John’s Gospel contradicts in any way the other three, or vice-versa. Nothing within the Gospels contradicts itself, everything can be explained and has been by the Fathers of the Church through the centuries. Matthew, Mark and Luke are also spiritual Gospels, but their emphases are somewhat different from that of John.
John concentrates on the Godhead, what Christ, Son of God (Man), the ‘New Adam,’ is, the Divinity of the Only-Begotten Son. The other Evangelists also declared the Lord’s Divinity, but not in such a complete way, “not at length”. John does not neglect the Father. Father and Son are indeed inseparable in the sense that the Father is spoken of whilst speaking of the Son. John tells us about the Son “for the Father was already known from the Old Testament,” but speaks of Them together. It is from John that Christ’s eternal existence so vividly strikes us. Christ, the Son, the Word, exists co-eternally with the Father, the Father was never without the Son.
The Son Is the Word -
It is not possible that God is ever without word and reason, without wisdom, or without power. Therefore, since the Son is the Word (Logos), the Wisdom, and the Power of God, we believe that He always was with God, meaning, with the Father.
There Never Was a Time When He Was Not –
The Son did not come after the Father. He took flesh (the Incarnation), but He is the Father’s Only-Begotten Son from the beginning:
In the beginning God made the heaven and the earth.
St. John says “In the beginning was the Word.” There is no difference between this beginning and the Genesis account. The Word is eternal. The Word is the Son. The Word “was begotten of the Father without passion”.
Why Is He Called the Word? –
Christ is called the Word because He was begotten of the Father without passion; to illustrate He is co-eternal with the Father; and because “Christ the Word proclaimed to us the things of the Father”.
Different Person But Not in Kind –
“The Word was with God and the Word was God.” Since the Word was with God, the Word and the Father are different from each other; that is, in their persons, but not in kind. They are two persons (hypostases) but alike in that “They share the same Divine nature.” There was never a time They were separated:
God the Word never was separated from God the Father.
All Things Were Made by Him –
The Word is not our speaking in which words are merely transitory and once spoken die away; rather,
The Word is the Maker of everything, both that which is perceived by the mind and that perceived by the senses.
When St. John says that the Son made all things,
… he shows that the Father used Him, as it were, as an intermediary in the creating, not (emphasis supplied) as someone inferior to Himself, but, on the contrary, as One of equal (emphasis supplied) power, able to carry out such a great command.
See that John states that “all things” were made by the Son. However, the Son did not create the Holy Spirit since It is not a thing, but, rather, the Holy Spirit proceeds from the Father alone. The procession, the Holy Spirit’s ultimate/original source, is different from ‘sending’. Anything of a created nature was made by the Son (too). Since the Holy Spirit is “not (emphasis supplied) part of created nature,” the Son didn’t make It:
8. And in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, the Giver of Life, Who proceedeth from the Father, Who with the Father and the Son together is worshipped and glorified, Who spake by the Prophets.
The Holy Spirit continuously proceeds from the Father.
His Is the Everlasting Light –
The Lord is the Light of everything (everyone), a noetic (spiritual) light “which enlightens the soul itself”. His light is not restricted to certain people; He has created and spiritually enlightened all of us. We have received both mind and reason from our Creator, the Word (Logos). The Divinely-created ‘reason’ lights our way guiding us “into what we ought, and ought not, to do”. His light shines “in the darkness,” meaning even in death and deception. In death, He conquered it completely, and His preaching shines unextinguished among “the deception of the pagan Greeks”. The ‘darkness not comprehending it’ means that His Light is immune to the machinations of evil, which oppose His Light.
Who Was Not the Light Bears Witness to the True Light –
After St. John’s declaration of God the Word’s existence “from before the ages,” he interjects a discussion of the heralding of Christ by St. John the Baptist, Forerunner of the Lord. John preceded the Lord in the flesh by six months, but nevertheless, Christ is to be prefigured by John’s own words, because “He was before me.” I.e., He was before John “in His Divinity”. The Baptist was the last and greatest prophet, whose central role was to precede Christ and prepare His Way. God sent him, and he was called an angel because of his spiritual ministry preaching and announcing Christ. The Forerunner was not an angel “by nature,” see the words:
There was a man (emphasis supplied) sent from God.
Nor did he come down from heaven.
God sent him to witness to the Light, which is Christ. John was to be a vehicle by which all men might believe. John drew people to the Light. Not all came to believe through him; however, his relentless preaching provided the opportunity for everyone to believe in the Lord. Some chose not to, but as Bl. Theophylact states:
The sun rises each day for the purpose of giving light to all. If a man shuts himself up in a gloomy dwelling and does not enjoy the sun’s rays, is the sun at fault? So it is here. John was sent so that all might believe. It is not his fault that it turned out otherwise (emphases supplied).
Although John the Forerunner was not the Light, he certainly was a light. However, John’s ‘light,’ as all other saints,’ derives from the true Light, Christ. John’s light glows because of his spiritual participation in the Light!
Those Who ‘Know Him Not’ –
Bl, Theophylact comments that some people will not know Him because they will be “attached to the things of this (emphasis supplied) world”. Christ was in the world, He made it, but those ‘involved’ in the world, not spiritually, knew Him not. Those who think and act in an earthly (worldly), not spiritual, manner did not know Him, but the saints and prophets, those who strived and struggled spiritually and achieved sanctification, knew Him.
We Can Know Him: But It’s Not ‘Automatic’ –
We can know Christ by taking up the Cross. He gave us the power to “become sons of God,” to be “little Christs,” if we believe in Him, receive Him through baptism and follow through after baptism to become “sons of God,” to remain on the Divine road. We have the power to receive
… the completion and perfection of this grace (of adoption) only in the Resurrection, and we hope to receive at that time the fullness (emphasis supplied) of adoption. As Paul says, Even we are waiting for the adoption. [Rm. 8:23] For all these reasons, then, the Evangelist did not say, ‘As many as received Him, He made them sons of God,’ but instead, ‘to them gave He power to become sons of God , that is, to receive this grace in the age to come.
I.e., salvation is not automatic, even for a ‘believer’. As Bl. Theophylact states, St. John does not say it is enough to receive Him. It takes more than baptism if subsequently we did not exercise our “power” to become God’s sons.
The Word Made Flesh Dwells In Us –
We have the potential to become sons of God. How are we able “ to be adopted (emphasis supplied) as sons of God”? Because the Word was made “flesh,” the latter term meaning that the Lord became “perfect man”. The Word did not attach to the flesh, or appear to be, or imagine to be, flesh. The Son of God “became flesh in truth and in essence, not by phantasy,” the latter being a false appearance.
The Word did not abandon His Divinity when being made flesh. Rather, Divinity became what It was not – human, with a body, and rational soul. If the Word had not taken flesh, our souls could not be healed. There is no salvation without it:
For what He did not assume, He did not sanctify.
In Scripture, the usage of the terms “body” or “soul” are interchangeable in the sense that either refers to “the whole man”. “The Word Himself (emphasis supplied) became man.” It is crystal clear. This does not mean that by becoming flesh, Jesus has one nature. No, He has two natures; one, Divine, the other, human, as well as two respective wills:
And the Word was made flesh and dwelt in us (emphasis supplied).
The Word Himself became man “and, while being the Son of God, also (emphasis supplied) became the Son of a woman who is called the Theotokos, God’s Birthgiver, precisely because she gave birth to God in the flesh. “He dwelt in (emphasis supplied) us.” Through this spiritual sentence, we believe that Christ has two natures, “both God and man”. These two natures appear in one person (hypostasis), the Lord.
Beholding His Glory –
The disciples beheld His glory, His truth, “Who is in Truth the Son of God”. This was made possible through His taking flesh, by the Incarnation. He was full of Truth and Grace. His words of grace and miraculous healings manifested His glory. Whereas, Moses and the Prophets had foreshadowed the Truth, but “all that Christ said and did is full of truth, for Christ Himself is Grace and Truth…” Not only did the disciples behold His glory on Mount Tabor at the Transfiguration, but in everything He spoke or did.
The Revelation of Grace and Truth -
We have received the grace of the New Testament in place of the grace of the Old Testament due to the “old lawgiving” growing old and weak. The old law was given by Moses, a mediator chosen by God, but the New Testament (grace and truth) came directly through Christ:
…God graciously bestowed on us not only forgiveness of sins but adoption as sons; truth, because everything which the men of old saw and spoke in type, the New Testament proclaimed in radiant clarity.
Moses, the servant, gave; Christ, the Master, came!
Passion Week –
Passion Week is the most important spiritual happening of the Church year. It culminates in Christ’s Crucifixion and Resurrection as prophesied by the Prophets of Old and His words and actions throughout His ministry in the flesh:
All ye who have toiled from the first hour, receive today your due reward. All ye who have come after the third hour, join in the feast today with gratitude and rejoicing. As many as have arrived after the sixth hour, have no doubts. Ye who have tarried until the ninth hour, come without any shame. And if any have delayed their arrival until the eleventh hour, be not afraid because of your lateness and do not be downcast because of it. The Master is kind and merciful in rendering compensation. He receives the last even as (emphasis supplied) the first.
It is fitting we ‘close’ with the spiritual witness of one of the greatest, if not the greatest, saint, St. John Chrysostom (+407). The “golden-tongued”
… summarizes the meaning of Christ’s feat on the Cross:
The ancient tyranny of the devil is destroyed on the Cross, the Strong is tied and His weapons taken away, sin is ironed out, death is trampled and the curse is removed from men, the obstacle of separation is removed and Paradise is opened, Heaven has become accessible and people have drawn closer to the angels; God has reconciled the heavenly and the earthly.
+ In the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit. Amen.
* * *
The Catechetical Homily of St. John Chrysostom
The Catechetical Homily of our Father among the Saints, John Chrysostom, archbishop of Constantinople, on the holy and light-bearing Day of the most glorious and saving Resurrection of Christ our God.
If any be devout and God-loving, let him enjoy this fair and radiant triumph. If any be a good and wise servant, let him enter rejoicing into the joy of his Lord. If any be weary of fasting, let him now receive his reward. If any have labored from the first hour, let him receive today his rightful due. If any have come at the third hour, let him feast with thankfulness. If any have arrived at the sixth hour, let him in no wise be in doubt, for in no wise shall he suffer loss. If any be delayed even until the ninth hour, let him draw near, doubting nothing, fearing nothing. If any have tarried even until the eleventh hour, let him not be fearful on account of his lateness; for the Master, Who is jealous of His honor, receiveth the last even as the first. He giveth rest to him that cometh at the eleventh hour, as well as to him that hath labored from the first hour; and to the last He is merciful, and the first He pleaseth; to the one He giveth, and to the other He bestoweth; and He receiveth the works, and welcometh the intention; and the deed He honoureth, and the offering He praiseth. Wherefore, then, enter ye all into the joy of your Lord; both the first and the second, receive ye your reward. Ye rich and ye poor, with one another exult.
Ye sober and ye slothful, honor the day. Ye that have kept the fast and ye that have not, be glad today. The table is full-laden, delight ye all. The calf is fatted; let none go forth hungry. Let all enjoy the feast of faith, receive all ye the riches of goodness. Let no one bewail his poverty, for the universal kingdom hath been revealed. Let no one weep for his transgressions, for forgiveness hath dawned from the tomb. Let no one fear death, for the death of the Saviour hath set us free. He hath quench by it, He hath led hades captive, He Who descended into hades. He embittered it, when it tasted of His flesh. And foretelling this, Isaiah cried: "Hades," he saith, "was embittered when it encountered Thee below." It was embittered, for it was abolished. It was embittered, for it was mocked. It was embittered, for it was slain. It was embittered, for it was overthrown. It was embittered, for it was fettered. It received a body and encountered God. It received earth, and met heaven. It received that which it saw, and fell to what it did not see. O death, where is thy sting? O hades, where is thy victory?
Christ is risen, and thou art cast down.
Christ is risen, and the demons are fallen.
Christ is risen, and the angels rejoice.
Christ is risen, and life flourisheth.
Christ is risen, and there is none dead in the tombs.
For Christ, being risen from the dead, is become the first-fruits of them that have fallen asleep. To Him be glory and dominion unto the ages of ages. Amen.
(Read during the Paschal Matins)
 Bl. Theophylact’s Explanation of the Holy Gospel According to Saint John [in preparation – tr. by Fr. Christopher Stade], Gospel for Pascha, Chrysostom Press, p. 1, http://www.chrysostompress.org/explanation/pascha _1?CPSESSION=a492476d33c2378fe2fe.
 id., pp. 1-2.
 Gen. 1:1
 Bl. Theophylact, op. cit., p. 1.
 id., p. 2.
 id., p. 3.
 St. John 15:26.
 Bl. Theophylact, op. cit., p. 4.
 The Creed, Eighth Article.
 Archpriest Seraphim Slobodskoy, The Law of God, (First English Edition), Holy Trinity Monastery, Jordanville, N.Y., 1994 (published in 1993 and 1996), p. 467.
 Bl. Theophylact, op. cit., p. 4.
 id., p. 8.
 id., p. 4.
 id., p. 5.
 id., p. 6.
 id., p. 7.
 id., p. 8.
 id., p. 9.
 Hieromonk German Ciuba (tr. from the Slavonic into English; tr. from the original Greek into Slavonic in the year 6851, A.D. 1343), The Gospel Commentary, Russian Orthodox Church of the Nativity of Christ (Old Rite), Erie, PA, 2002, p. 148.
 Bishop Alexander (Mileant) (tr. by Nicholas Semyanko), Passion Week, p. 20 of 24 at http://www.fatheralexander.org/booklets/english/passion_week.htm.
* * *
ОБРАЩЕНИЕ - ПРИЗЫВ
к духовенству и верным чадам Русской Зарубежной Церкви
Председателя Архиерейского Синода Русской Истинно-Православной Церкви
«И я увидел жену, сидящую на звере багряном, преисполненном именами богохульными... Я видел, что жена упоена была кровью святых и кровью свидетелей Иисусовых» (Откр. 17, 3-6) и «с нею блудодействовали правители земные и вином ее блудодеяния упивались живущие на земле» (Откр. 17, 2).
«Я дал ей время покаяться в любодеянии ея, но она не покаялась. Я повергаю ее и любодействующих с нею в великую скорбь, если не покаются в делах своих. И детей ее поражу смертию, и уразумеют все церкви, что Я есмь испытующий сердца... и воздам каждому из вас по делам вашим» (Откр. 2, 21-23).
«Не медлит Господь исполнением обетования... но долготерпит нас, не желая, чтобы кто погиб, но чтобы все пришли к покаянию» (2 Петр. 3, 9).
«Сотворите же достойный плод покаяния...» (Мф. 3, 8-10).
Дорогие о Христе Иисусе отцы и братие нашей возлюбленной Сестры – Русской Зарубежной Церкви!
В эти скорбные дни Страстной седмицы, когда вся Церковь Христова, и каждая человеческая христианская душа состраждет страданиям Господа нашего, когда Церковь воспоминает предательство Господа Его учеником и первосвященниками, обращаюсь к Вам с этим посланием.
Сколь много было сказано за прошедшие годы. Нужно ли еще говорить, и какими словами достучаться смогу до сердец Ваших, чтобы Вы услышали и увидели, в какую беду попала Зарубежная Русская Церковь, куда, в какую яму ведут Вас ослепленные вожди Её. Чтобы Вы увидели – и ужаснулись! И содрогнулось и возскорбело сердце Ваше о судьбе Зарубежной Церкви. Ибо у Неё, как у Христа Спасителя, есть свои предатели: как и Господа нашего, продают Ее синедриону за жалкие материальные блага, как Иисуса бичуют... Осталась лишь самая малость: выставить Страдалицу на позорище, – на суд народа, – чтобы не своими – “соборными” устами вынести свой окончательный приговор.
Как всё похоже! Кажется, такого испытания не знала даже Российская Катакомбная Церковь: Ее истязали и уничтожали безбожники, но никогда не предавали врагам собственные иерархи и чада.
Но если не станет Зарубежной Церкви, если не убережете Вы Её, то что скажете тогда своим отцам и дедам, как посмотрите им в глаза, когда предстанете на суд Божий и их суд? Какие оправдания найдете пред первосвятителями нашими Антонием, Анастасием и Филаретом, святителями Иоанном и Аверкием, и сотнями, тысячами отцев, братьев и сестер Зарубежной Церкви, своею жертвенной любовью сберегших Её в тяжелые годы изгнания, молитвою и трудом, и покаянными слезами утвердивших Её на нелегком исповедническом пути? Не найдете, и не оправдаетесь, если не защитите, не сохраните свою Церковь в тяжелейшую минуту Её истории. Да нет, не просто истории – самой жизни, ибо вопрос сейчас в буквальном смысле стоит о выборе между духовной жизнью и смертью.
Что значит для Зарубежной Церкви, вообще ДЛЯ ВСЕЙ ПОЛНОТЫ Российской Церкви соединение РПЦЗ с Московской советской патриархией? Архиерейский Синод Русской Истинно-Православной Церкви в своих документах и посланиях многократно писал об этом.
Уния с МП – не “воссоединение разделенной Церкви”, а измена Христу и Его Правде. Не просто хула на память Святых Царственных Мучеников и всех Новомучеников и Исповедников Российских – а отрицание их подвига исповедничества. Не простое предательство Зарубежной Церкви, но по духовной сути своей – тяжкий грех самоубийства.
«Горе непокорным сынам, говорит Господь, которые делают совещания, но без Меня, и заключают союзы, но не по Духу Моему, чтобы прилагать грех ко греху: не вопросив уст Моих, идут в Египет, чтобы подкрепить себя силой фараона и укрыться под тенью Египта. Но сила фараона будет для вас позором, и убежище под тенью Египта – безчестием» (Ис. ХХХ, 1-5). Не будет преувеличением, если скажем, что происходящее ныне с РПЦЗ – событие воистину апокалиптического значения. Именно так, и не меньше, ведь свободный и мужественный голос Зарубежной Церкви действительно был тем Удерживающим, не позволявшим “официальному православию” окончательно отпасть от Истины.
Но вот не стало Зарубежной Церкви, – мужественной и неподкупной, – затих авторитетный и всеми уважаемый голос Истинной Церкви – и уже советский патриарх Алексий II (псевдоним в КГБ «Дроздов») призывает созвать “Восьмой вселенский собор”, о котором известно из пророчеств Святых Отцев, что он «будет сборищем безбожных» и признает власть антихриста. Как же спешат они, как торопятся! Наверное, не случайно так напряжены усилия апостасийных сил для окончательного уничтожения свободного голоса Русской Церкви – РПЦЗ, именно накануне подготовки к этому отступническому т.н. «восьмому собору».
Падение Зарубежной Церкви осложнило положение истинно-православных христиан и в России, и во всем мiре, утяжелило их Крест. Ведь теперь апологеты МП откровенно смеются над Истинной Церковью и подвигом Святых Новомучеников Российских. «Митр. Сергий и наша Церковь все эти годы были на истинном пути, а вы заблуждались. Даже зарубежная церковь покаялась в своем грехе против Матери-Церкви, и признала свой путь ошибочным», – убеждают они. – «Подвигом Первосвятительского служения в тяжелейшие годы существования Церкви в Советском Союзе» назвала предательство Церкви митрополитом Сергием Согласительная комиссия РПЦЗ и МП.
Значит, напрасны были героическая Белая борьба, самопожертвование и изгнание миллионов русских людей, исповеднический путь Зарубежной Руси? Напрасны были страдания и мученическая смерть Митрополитов Кирилла и Иосифа, сотен святителей и тысяч пастырей и верных мiрян на Родине, сохранивших верность Христу, отвергших сергианство и не поклонившихся антихристовой богоборческой власти? Выходит – не нужна была такая их жертва? Не нужен был исповеднический подвиг Катакомбной Церкви на Родине и Зарубежной Церкви в изгнании? А нужно было подчиниться безбожникам, и признать их радости своими...
Разве сможет смириться Ваша совесть с таким приговором подвигу наших с Вами отцев? Разве сможете Вы, дойдя до такой глубины “смирения” перед отступающим от Истины священноначалием, искренно, нелицемерно предстоять пред Престолом Божиим? Если сможете, то значит безсмысленна была мученическая смерть не только Новомучеников Российских, но и Самого Христа! Советские архиереи оказались “мудрее”: если таким путем можно «стяжать Жизнь вечную», напрасно Христос отверг искушения в пустыне, принял страдания и смерть на Кресте. Не нужно было и Его славное Воскресение...
Теперь простым христианам в самой МП намного сложнее будет разобраться, – где правда, а где ложь, и найти выход из «духовных тупиков» в спасительную ограду Истинной Церкви Христовой. И с каждым годом их пребывания там, для них это будет всё более и более невозможным. Вот уж воистину, нынешние иерархи РПЦЗ совершили тяжкий Иудин грех, предали весь Русский народ.
Отцы Катакомбной и Зарубежной Церкви предупреждали нас, что сергианство не имеет ни географических, ни национальных, ни политических границ. И такое стремительное падение РПЦЗ, подчинение Её советской церкви – свидетельство того, что сергианством оказалась заражена также значительная часть и современных архиереев, духовенства и паствы РПЦЗ. Сергианство – это внутренняя готовность христианина на компромисс со злом ради внешнего благополучного существования. По своей внутренней духовной сути сергианство можно отнести к проявлению одной из тонких форм экклезиологической ереси. Как ни прискорбно, но это лжеучение стало официальной доктриной МП, её образом жизни. Произошла «догматизация сергианства», что уже никак нельзя списать лишь на “ошибки” одного человека – митр. Сергия; это форма падения, отступления целой церковной общности, причем отступление догматизированное и добровольное. Поэтому, осознание и отвержение этого отступления невозможно совмещать с пребыванием в Московской патриархии.
Поражение церковного организма МП апостасийными процессами – обновленчеством, экуменизмом и прочими ересями, является всего лишь следствием отступления, произошедшего в 1927 г. И это отступление нуждается не в оправдании и забвении, но в осознанном покаянии и исцелении.
Но не только сергианство и экуменизм, не только многочисленные нарушения канонов Церкви, не только безпрецедентные в истории Церкви нравственные преступления иерархии и духовенства МП мешают объединению с ними в единую Церковь. Есть еще одно важное препятствие, которое игнорируют, или о котором м.б. не подозревают в РПЦЗ. Препятствие это даже большее, чем все остальные вместе взятые, потому что является плодом восьмидесятилетней отступнической жизни МП – их ложная мистика, поразившая различные слои духовенства и паствы МП ложная духовность. На языке православной аскетики это называется духовной прелестью.
Вы должны знать и помнить об этой опасности, пренебрегать ею нельзя. Ведь это является внутренней органической жизнью МП как церковного организма, составляет их каждодневную духовную практику, их «аскезу». Мы живем в России и сталкиваемся с этим ежедневно. Объединившись с МП, Вы не сможете защитить себя и свою паству от их ложной духовной практики: РПЦЗ слишком маленькая чтобы этому противостоять. В конце концов, РПЦЗ просто утонет в их «болоте духовной прелести».
Есть и другая для Вас опасность. Никогда еще в человеческой истории победитель не уважал и не жалел побежденного, не будет и для РПЦЗ исключения. Никакая “автономия” не убережет Вас от унизительной расправы, ведь МП – это не просто «церковь блудница», она давно переродилась в «церковь лукавнующих»; своим чиновничьим аппаратом, как сиамские близнецы, прочно срослась с безбожным государственным организмом. Пройдет два-три года, и на Ваше место пришлют из РФ профессиональных разведчиков, и никакой жалости к тем, кто работал на объединение, у чиновников ФСБ и МП не будет. Храмы и имущество отнимут, несогласных отправят “за штат”, от купленной ценой предательства и капитуляции “автономии” не останется и следа. С Вами поступят как с “врагами народа”, как с обманутыми репатриантами после Второй мiровой войны, поверивших ласковым словам и “братским” лобзаниям архиереев советской церкви. Вспомните, где и как закончили свою жизнь архиереи и духовенство РПЦЗ из Китая, “воссоединившиеся” с МП.
Многие из Вас, совестливых честных тружеников, смирившись перед кажущейся неизбежностью, намерены уйти на покой. Но подумайте: на кого Вы оставите Вашу паству? Неужели Вы так легко отдадите овец своих на растерзание волков в овечьих шкурах? Разве могут так поступить пастыри Церкви аввы Антония (Храповицкого), – великого пастыря, чьё сострадательное сердце привело, и продолжает вести ко спасению тысячи человеческих душ? Не заповедал ли Христос-Спаситель нам, пастырям, «душу свою полагати за овцы своя»?
Не может добрый отец в годину испытания оставить своих детей и уйти на покой. Да и может ли вообще христианин “уйти на покой”? Разве “на покое” можно устраниться от выбора между добром и злом? И что тогда такое этот “покой”, если не духовная смерть безсмертной души?
Не выход и другая крайность: отказаться от своей православной русскости, от несения этого подвига, отречься от Поместной Русской Церкви и уйти в греческие синоды. Ведь «русскость», «подвиг русскости», как пояснял архим. Константин (Зайцев) – это не столько национальное, сколько духовное качество, рожденное и привитое нашей Матерью – Русской Церковью.
Нет, этого с Вами не должно случиться, это будет предательство Русской Церкви, ибо тысячелетняя Русская Церковь не погибла – Она жива, хотя и в малом Своем остатке. И мы с Вами, Ее немощные чада, должны сохранить и Ее, и верность Ей, а не разбегаться по чужим национальным домам.
Я призываю Вас, мои возлюбленные отцы и собратья, быть мужественными перед надвигающимися испытаниями. Знаю, что не все Ваши собратья-иереи поддержат Вас, из архиереев только один Владыка Даниил Ирийский нашел в себе силы возвысить голос против унии, на остальных же архиереев РПЦЗ и вовсе нет надежды. Все решения Собора уже заранее предрешены. Делегаты подобраны так, чтобы сторонников унии было решающее большинство; будет создана видимость “демократии”, “соборности”, оппозиционному меньшинству позволят высказаться, чтобы “спустить пар”, успокоить, и в конце подавляющим большинством голосов утвердить заготовленные в Москве решения. Не обманитесь этим “спектаклем”, не позвольте усыпить Вашу христианскую совесть ложными посулами “автономии”, и прочими обещаниями. Ведь дело совсем не в автономии, не в административной и имущественной независимости РПЦЗ, к чему пытаются свести дело униаты.
Главное – у РПЦЗ и МП разное мiровоззрение. Мы исповедуем истинное, неповрежденное, святоотеческое Православие, а в МП исповедуют сергианство и экуменизм, компромисс с безбожием, приспособленчество, и многие другие искажения и отступления от Истины. Здесь простого, формального воссоединения не может быть: либо МП находится в расколе и исповедует ереси – и тогда она должна принести покаяние и быть присоединена к Русской Церкви, либо РПЦЗ находится в расколе, и каяться перед “матерью-церковью”. Другого церковно-канонического решения нет.
Но мы с Вами видим, что МП каяться не собирается, и по-прежнему решительно отстаивает истинность сергианства, считая расколом РПЦЗ. Не МП пошла на уступки Зарубежной Церкви, а РПЦЗ признала “путь митр. Сергия” достойным и правильным, и в лице митр. Лавра и арх. Марка принесла покаяние перед МП за “грех раскола”. Не верьте рассказам о том, что МП изменилась к лучшему; перемены в МП произошли только на бумаге: в «Социальной концепции» и в документах униоальных комиссий, но внутри всё осталось по-прежнему. Сейчас сергианское мiровоззрение утвердилось еще глубже и прочнее, чем при митр. Сергии, и поразило весь церковный организм МП от епископата и духовенства до рядовых верующих.
Поэтому, будьте мудрыми. Помните, что Вы имеете дело с профессиональными чекистами, опытными психологами и режиссерами. На Соборе Вас попытаются ввести в заблуждение, усыпить Вашу бдительность, отвлечь от первостепенных вопросов на второстепенные. Помните об этом, и не позвольте себя обмануть.
Но как только станет окончательно ясно, что Вас невозможно сломить, обмануть, нейтрализовать, Вы столкнетесь с клеветой и ненавистью. Вас подвергнут прещениям, обольют грязью, попробуют лишить храма. Многих из Вас ожидают лишения... Но молю Вас: не бойтесь человеческих поношений и обид, не бойтесь впасть в эту благословенную Богом нищету ради Правды Его и небесных благ, не бойтесь в своем Исповедническом Подвиге остаться в одиночестве, ибо вы НЕ ОДИНОКИ!
В Зарубежье сейчас сложилась такая же ситуация, как 400 лет назад в Малой Руси, после принятия в 1596 г. епископатом Киево-Русской Церкви Брестской унии с Римом. Тогда многие пастыри и мiряне, оставшись без истинно-православных епископов, организовались в братства и сохранили Истинную Православную Церковь. Когда были подготовлены достойные кандидаты, почти через 20 лет были совершены новые хиротонии архиереев, и полноценная церковная жизнь возродилась.
И в нашей Катакомбной Церкви в 1960-70-е гг. была такая же ситуация. Более 30-ти лет назад Катакомбная Церковь в России, оставшаяся без канонических архиереев, обратилась к Своей Сестре, Русской Зарубежной Церкви, за помощью и получила ее. Тогда по решению Архиерейского Синода РПЦЗ в 1982 г. тайно в России был рукоположен первый епископ (им был блаженнопочивший в прошлом 2005 г. Владыка Схи-Архиепископ Лазарь), и канонический епископат в Катакомбной Церкви был восстановлен. Рукоположение было совершено тайно, т.к. в СССР Истинно-Православная Церковь жестоко преследовалась, и если бы о хиротонии стало известно в КГБ, Владыка Лазарь был бы немедленно арестован и окончательно разгромлены остатки истинной Русской Церкви на Родине. Милостью Божией наша Сестра в изгнании, Русская Зарубежная Церковь пришла нашей Церкви на помощь. Были совершены рукоположения новых священников, и церковная жизнь в российских катакомбах возродилась. Наш приснопамятный Владыка Лазарь хранил чувство благодарности Зарубежной Церкви.
Когда в последние годы в РПЦЗ произошел поворот в сторону «демократической» Москвы и российские архиереи, чтобы уберечь свою паству от соблазна, вынуждены были прекратить общение с Заграничным Синодом, Владыка Лазарь очень переживал из-за такого преступного предательства архиереями РПЦЗ не только своей Зарубежной Церкви и Катакомбной Церкви на Родине, но вообще всего православного Русского народа и православной России. Владыка Лазарь говорил, что если в Зарубежной Церкви найдутся здоровые церковные силы, найдутся люди, пастыри и мiряне, которые не пойдут на унию с советской церковью, сумеют сорганизоваться, чтобы сохранить хотя бы остаток РПЦЗ, мы обязательно придем им на помощь. Обязательно поможем им также, как когда-то в тяжкую минуту Зарубежная Церковь пришла на помощь своей страждущей Катакомбной Сестре. Это и наша благодарность, и, одновременно, долг нашей христианской любви к нашим страждущим братьям.
Поэтому, прошу Вас, знайте – мы не оставим Вас в беде. Вы не одиноки, потому что помощью и трудами Зарубежной Церкви, в России сохранилась Истинная Церковь, архиереи которой восполнили апостольскую преемственность от РПЦЗ, и теперь вы можете обратиться к нам. Совместными усилиями, милостью Божией мы сохраним Русскую Зарубежную Церковь в Ее истинном остатке.
Но самое ответственное и сложное деяние – организоваться для сохранения истинной РПЦЗ – Вы можете и должны совершить сами. Без Вашей внутренней воли и труда едва ли удастся сохранить РПЦЗ. Всей пастве РПЦЗ необходимо осознать свою личную ответственность за судьбы Зарубежной Церкви.
Возможно, придется пойти на жертвы и в личной жизни, лишиться каких-то удобств и комфорта, вести более активную церковную жизнь. Очень важно понять, что уже сейчас, до Всезарубежного собора нужно начать формирование групп из духовенства и мiрян, осознавших необходимость прекращения молитвенно-канонического общения с униатским Нью-Йоркским синодом, и воссоединения с истинно-православными русскими архиереями. Такие наиболее духовно чуткие люди есть, и уже вокруг них после “собора” станут объединяться остальные более “осторожные” или менее церковно-активные. Ведь уже сейчас видно, что как Брестский собор 1596 г., так и предстоящий “IV-й Всезарубежный собор” созывается только для одной цели – “легализации” тайно заключенной, незаконной и неправославной унии. Вы сами видите, как происходит подбор делегатов, чтобы собор прошел “как надо”. Ясно же, что этим людям, не пережившим трагедию Русской Зарубежной Церкви, не страдавшим за Нее, не шедшим ради Нее на многие личные жертвы, Ее участь и непонятна, и безразлична.
Нужно воспользоваться историческим опытом Русской Церкви, и как 400 лет назад в Бресте, провести свой, настоящий Православный Собор, с православными архиереями, духовенством и паствой, сохранившими верность Христу и традиционному исповедническому курсу Катакомбной и Зарубежной Церкви. Не нужно смущаться, что такой Собор может быть малочисленнее официального – «не в силе Бог, а в правде». Да и разве количеством измеряется Истина? На Православном Соборе в Бресте, альтернативном униатскому, было меньшинство, но историческая и каноническая правда осталась не с униатами, а с Православными. Так будет и сейчас.
Но без Вашей решительной воли РПЦЗ не сохранить, и не возродить. Мы исповедуем единство с духовенством и паствой РПЦЗ, сохраняющей верность прежнему исповедническому курсу, и считаем своим долгом оказать Вам необходимую духовную и церковно-каноническую поддержку со стороны Церкви-Сестры на Родине. Но мы не хотим навязывать Вам свою волю, мы не хотим подчинить зарубежные приходы Церкви в России: мы стремимся не к власти, а верности Христу и Его Церкви. Вы можете рассчитывать на наше участие в восстановлении Истинной Зарубежной Церкви, с которой РИПЦ пребывала бы в братском общении как с Церковью-Сестрой. К этому призываем духовенство и паству и в России, и Заграницей.
И конечно, будьте готовы противостоять мощному потоку клеветы и поношений со стороны враждебных Церкви сил и экстремистских групп не только “слева”, но и “справа”, которое отчасти уже началось, но в дальнейшем будет еще больше. Не нужно этим смущаться, и не нужно этого бояться. Истинная Церковь в современном апостасийном мiре, характерными чертами которого являются безпринципность, предательство и эгоизм, всегда будет гонима и поносима. Будьте к этому готовы, и не забывайте, что мощные силы специальных организаций брошены на дискредитацию и уничтожение Истинной Русской Церкви. Ведь речь идет не о чём другом, как о подготовке міра к приходу антихриста. Если это понимать и помнить, тогда становится объяснимо и многое из того, что происходит сейчас с РПЦЗ.
Наша Русская Истинно-Православная Церковь скорбит о предательстве иерархии РПЦЗ, как и Сам Спаситель скорбел о гибели Своего ученика-предателя, особенно о тысячах «малых сих», которых сознательные апостаты (отступники) увлекают за собою в погибель. Возможно ли им вернуться на путь Истины, знает один Бог. Из святоотеческой аскетики мы знаем, что без покаяния в грехе и подвига исповедничества, как плода покаяния – восстание падших в грех отступления от Истины невозможно. Мы не оставляем надежд, что и митр. Лавр, и м.б. другие архиереи РПЦЗ, последовав примеру бывших зачинщиков Брестской унии 1596 г. – еп. Дионисия (Болобана) Львовского и еп. Михаила (Копыстенского) Перемышльского, – также раскаются, гласно отрекутся на Соборе от предательской унии и возвратятся на исповеднический путь отцев Зарубежной Церкви. Как христиане, мы не оставляем такую надежду, молясь за наших падших собратий.
Но даже если этого не произойдет, это не может изменить того пути, которым в ХХ веке шла Истинная Русская Церковь – Тихоновская Церковь Святых Новомучеников и Исповедников Российских, Церковь Катакомбная и Зарубежная. Мы знаем обетования Господа нашего Иисуса Христа о неодолимости адовыми вратами этой Истинной Церкви. В этой Церкви мы желаем пребыть до конца, уповая на милость и помощь Божию.
Всех, желающих быть верными Христу, призываем к твердому стоянию в Истине и защищать Церковь Христову своими словами, делами, молитвами и самою своею жизнью. Аминь.
+ Смиренный Тихон,
Божией милостию Архиепископ Омский и Сибирский,
Председатель Архиерейского Синода
Русской Истинно-Православной Церкви
* * *
LET US BRETHREN PREPARE TO GIVE THE KISS AS DID JUDAS LET US FIND A TREE ON WHICH TO HANG OURSELVES.
Please hear this, Eugenia Richard
For we cannot remain with the Savior in His narrow ways. He expelled the money changers from the temple. He has expelled those who have desired gold-plated toilets and have therefore sold the Redeemer of mankind. He has expelled those proud of mind from their warm thrones in San Francisco and Washington, D.C. He was abandoned and betrayed by those in Germany who, like Herod, sought to slay the 14,000 innocents, to ensure their security on their thrones of power. If we are with Metropolitan Philaret, who still awaits glorification, and we have not recognized him; if we are still with those who will sing the praises to Archbishop Averky, who forewarned us of the careerists in our midst; if we are still with our reposed Hierarchs of blessed memory who so adamantly persuaded us of the evils of the church of infamous Sergius and all his evil followers who enslaved Truth to atheism; if we still do not see the evil takeover of our church, then WE ARE TOTALLY BLIND. If we accept this new course, which annihilates everything we ever stood for – the preservation of the remnants of Orthodox TRUTH, yet we wish to remain moderate, lukewarm, and open for dialogue with EVIL, then we should join Judas, and find ourselves the nearest tree.
But, if we will stand with the Mother of God by the Cross, with St. John the Theologian; we will know, that our Christ is about to be crucified again.
Let us finally make our brave choice. Let us speak up this time in support of Our Savior. Let us not be cowardly because we relish the properties and physical temples where we serve. Let us stand up for OUR GOD, WHO THIS WEEK WALKS KNOWINGLY TOWARD HIS CRUCIFIXION FOR THE SALVATION OF MANKIND! What a wonderful calling, what a heavenly crown! Let us resolve to stand by that cross and not let Him be abandoned again – NOT BY US – because the evil voices are so loud – because those brethren who we imagined to walk our path have chosen another! Let us resist the evil of Herod! Let us resist the evil of Pontius Pilate. On Great and Holy Thursday, let us weep as we hear the sufferings of Our Lord, and let us suffer with Him. Let us be renewed in our commitment to Him, in His loneliness, in His Love for us, that let Him be led to a painful and humiliating Death on the Cross. Let us join Him, for that is the only purpose of our lives.
Or let us have the courage to join Judas and admit that we are in his company and betray our Lord for earthly gain. We can’t have it both ways.
* * *
A LIFE OF METROPOLITAN PHILARET OF NEW YORK
Dr. V.E. Moss
Metropolitan Philaret, in the world George Nikolayevich Voznesensky, was born in the city of Kursk on March 22 / April 4, 1903, into the family of Protopriest Nicholas. In 1909 the family moved to Blagoveschensk-on-Amur in the Far East, where the future hierarch finished high school.
In a sermon at his nomination as Bishop of Brisbane, the future metropolitan said: “There is hardly anything specially worthy of note in my life, in its childhood and young years, except, perhaps, a recollection from my early childhood years, when I as a small child of six or seven years in a childishly naïve way loved to ‘play service’ – I made myself a likeness of a Church vestment and ‘served’. And when my parents began to forbid me to do this, Vladyka Evgeny, the Bishop of Blagoveschensk, after watching this ‘service’ of mine at home, to their amazement firmly stopped them: ‘Leave him, let the boy “serve” in his own way. It is good that he loves the service of God.’” In this way was the saint’s future service in the Church foretold in a hidden way already in his childhood.
In 1920 the family was forced to flee from the revolution into Manchuria, to the city of Harbin. There, in 1921, George’s mother, Lydia Vasilievna, died, after which his father, Fr. Nicholas took the monastic tonsure with the name Demetrius and became Archbishop of Hailar. Vladyka Demetrius was a learned theologian, the author of a series of books on the history of the Church and other subjects.
In 1927 George graduated from the Russo-Chinese Polytechnical institute and received a specialist qualification as an engineer-electrical mechanic. Later, when he was already First Hierarch of the Russian Church Outside Russia (ROCOR), he did not forget his friends at the institute. All those who had known him, both at school and in the institute, remembered him as a kind, affectionate comrade. He was distinguished by his great abilities and was always ready to help.
After the institute he got a job as a teacher; he was a good instructor, and his pupils loved and valued him. But his instructions for the young people went beyond the bounds of the school programme and penetrated every aspect of human life. Many of his former pupils and colleagues after meeting him retained a high estimate of him for the rest of their lives.
Living in the family of a priest, the future metropolitan naturally became accustomed, from his early years, to the church and the Divine services. But, as he himself said later, at the beginning there was in this “almost nothing deep, inwardly apprehended and consciously accepted”.
“But the Lord knows how to touch the human soul!” he recalled. “And I undoubtedly see this caring touch of the Father’s right hand in the way in which, during my student years in Harbin, I was struck as if with a thunder-clap by the words of the Hierarch Ignatius Brianchaninov which I read in his works: ‘My grave! Why do I forget you? You are waiting for me, waiting, and I will certainly be your inhabitant; why then do I forget you and behave as if the grave were the lot only of other men, and not of myself?’ Only he who has lived through this ‘spiritual blow’, if I can express myself thus, will understand me now! There began to shine before the young student as it were a blinding light, the light of a true, real Christian understanding of life and death, of the meaning of life and the significance of death – and new inner life began… Everything secular, everything ‘worldly’ lost its interest in my eyes, it disappeared somewhere and was replaced by a different content of life. And the final result of this inner change was my acceptance of monasticism…”
In 1931 George completed his studies in Pastoral Theology in what was later renamed the theological faculty of the Holy Prince Vladimir Institute. In this faculty he became a teacher of the New Testament, pastoral theology and homiletics. In 1936 his book, Outline of the Law of God, was published in Harbin.
In 1930 he was ordained to the diaconate, and in 1931 – to the priesthood, serving as the priest George. In the same year he was tonsured into monasticism with the name Philaret in honour of Righteous Philaret the Merciful. In 1933 he was raised to the rank of igumen, and in 1937 - to the rank of archimandrite.
“Man thinks much, he dreams about much and he strives for much,” he said in one of his sermons, “and nearly always he achieves nothing in his life. But nobody will escape the Terrible Judgement of Christ. Not in vain did the Wise man once say: ‘Remember your last days, and you will not sin to the ages!’ If we remember how our earthly life will end and what will be demanded of it after that, we shall always live as a Christian should live. A pupil who is faced with a difficult and critical examination will not forget about it but will remember it all the time and will try to prepare him- or herself for it. But this examination will be terrible because it will be an examination of our whole life, both inner and outer. Moreover, after this examination there will be no re-examination. This is that terrible reply by which the lot of man will be determined for immeasurable eternity… Although the Lord Jesus Christ is very merciful, He is also just. Of course, the Spirit of Christ overflows with love, which came down to earth and gave itself completely for the salvation of man. But it will be terrible at the Terrible Judgement for those who will see that they have not made use of the Great Sacrifice of Love incarnate, but have rejected it. Remember your end, man, and you will not sin to the ages.”
In his early years as a priest, Fr. Philaret was greatly helped by the advice of the then First-Hierarch of ROCOR, Metropolitan Anthony (+1936), with whom he corresponded for several years.
He also studied the writings of the holy fathers, and learned by heart all four Gospels. One of his favourite passages of Scripture was the passage from the Apocalypse reproaching the lukewarmness of men, their indifference to the truth. Thus in a sermon on the Sunday of All Saints he said:
“The Orthodox Church is now glorifying all those who have pleased God, all the saints…, who accepted the holy word of Christ not as something written somewhere to someone for somebody, but as written to himself; they accepted it, took it as the guide for the whole of their life and fulfilled the commandments of Christ.
“… Of course, their life and exploit is for us edification, they are an example for us, but you yourselves know with what examples life is now filled! Do we now see many good examples of the Christian life?!…. When you see what is happening in the world,… you involuntarily think that a man with a real Orthodox Christian intention is as it were in a desert in the midst of the earth’s teeming millions. They all live differently… Do you they think about what awaits them? Do they think that Christ has given us commandments, not in order that we should ignore them, but in order that we should try to live as the Church teaches.
“…. We have brought forward here one passage from the Apocalypse, in which the Lord says to one of the servers of the Church: ‘I know your works: you are neither cold nor hot. Oh if only you were cold or hot!” We must not only be hot, but must at least follow the promptings of the soul and fulfil the law of God.
“But there are those who go against it… But if a man is not sleeping spiritually, is not dozing, but is experiencing something spiritual somehow, and if he does not believe in what people are now doing in life, and is sorrowful about this, but is in any case not dozing, not sleeping – there is hope that he will come to the Church. Do we not see quite a few examples of enemies and deniers of God turning to the way of truth? Beginning with the Apostle Paul…
“In the Apocalypse the Lord says: ‘Oh if only thou wast cold or hot, but since thou art neither cold nor hot (but lukewarm), I will spew thee out of My mouth’… This is what the Lord says about those who are indifferent to His holy work. Now, in actual fact, they do not even think about this. What are people now not interested in, what do they not stuff into their heads – but they have forgotten the law of God. Sometimes they say beautiful words. But what can words do when they are from a person of abominable falsehood?!… It is necessary to beseech the Lord God that the Lord teach us His holy law, as it behoves us, and teach us to imitate the example of those people have accepted this law, have fulfilled it and have, here on earth, glorified Almighty God.”
Fr. Philaret was very active in ecclesiastical and pastoral-preaching work. Already in the first years of his priesthood he attracted many people seeking the spiritual path. The Divine services which he performed with burning faith, and his inspired sermons brought together worshippers and filled the churches. Multitudes pressed to the church in which Fr. Philaret was serving. All sections of the population of Harbin loved him; his name was also known far beyond the boundaries of the Harbin diocese. He was kind and accessible to all those who turned to him. Queues of people thirsting to talk with him stood at the doors of his humble cell; on going to him, people knew that they would receive correct advice, consolation and help.
Fr. Philaret immediately understood the condition of a man’s soul, and, in giving advice, consoled the suffering, strengthened the despondent and cheered up the despairing with an innocent joke. He loved to say: “Do not be despondent, Christian soul! There is no place for despondency in a believer! Look ahead – there is the mercy of God!” People went away from him pacified and strengthened by his strong faith.
In imitation of his name-saint. Fr. Philaret was generous not only in spiritual, but also in material alms, and secretly gave help to the needy. Many homeless people turned to him, and he refused help to nobody, except in those cases in which he literally had nothing left, when he would smile guiltily and say: “Nothing, my dear!” But then he would find a way out – and give away the things he was wearing.
Following the example of the holy fathers, Fr. Philaret did not teach others what he himself did not do. He himself, like the saints, whom he called on people to imitate, accepted everything written in the Holy Scriptures and the patristic writings “not as something written somewhere to someone for somebody,”, but as a true guide to life. He was exceptionally strict with himself and conducted a truly ascetic style of life. He had a rare memory, keeping in his head not only the words of the Gospel and the holy fathers, but also the sorrows and woes of his flock. On meeting people the holy hierarch demonstrated great interest in all sides of their life, he did not need to remember their needs and difficulties – he himself developed the subject of conversation that interested a man, and gave ready replies to the perplexities tormenting him.
Confessor against Paganism
From 1931 until 1945 Manchuria with its capital city of Harbin was occupied by the Japanese. Towards the end of this period the Russians were called upon to confess their faith; for the Japanese placed a statue of their goddess Amateras, who according to Japanese tradition was the foundress of the imperial race, directly opposite the Orthodox cathedral of St. Nicholas. Then, in May, 1943, they demanded that Russians going to church in the cathedral should first make a “reverential bow” towards the goddess. It was also required that on certain days Japanese temples should be venerated, while a statue of the goddess was to be put in Orthodox churches.
The question of the admissibility of participating in such ritual venerations was discussed at the diocesan assemblies of the Harbin diocese on September 8 and October 2, 1943, in the presence of the hierarchs of the Harbin diocese: Metropolitan Meletius, Bishop Demetrius and Bishop Juvenal (Archbishop Nestor was not present). According to the witness of the secretary of the Episcopal conference, Fr. Leonid Upshinsky, “the session was stormy, since some objected that… Amateras was not a goddess but the Ancestress.” It was decided “to accept completely and direct to the authorities” the reports of Bishop Demetrius of Hailar and Professor K.I. Zaitsev (the future Archimandrite Constantine), which expressed the official view of the episcopate that participation in the ritual venerations was inadmissible.
However, on February 5, 1944 the congress of leaders of the Russian emigration in Manchuria met in Harbin. The congress opened with a moleben in the St. Nicholas cathedral, after which the participants went to the Japanese temple “Harbin-Jinjya”, where they carried out a veneration of the goddess Amateras. On February 12 the Harbin hierarchs responded with a archpastoral epistle, in which they said: “Since any kind of veneration of pagan divinities and temples is forbidden by the commandments of God…, Orthodox Christians, in obedience to the will of God and his Law, cannot and must not carry out this veneration, for such venerations contradict the basic theses of the Orthodox Faith.” Archbishop Nestor refused to sign this epistle.
In March both vicars of the Harbin diocese, Bishop Demetrius and Bishop Juvenal, were summoned to the police, where they were closely interrogated about the circumstances of the illegal distribution of the archpastoral epistle and about the attitude of the flock to this question. On April 28 Metropolitan Meletius was subjected to interrogation. The conversation, which lasted for several hours, produced no result. Referring to his extreme exhaustion and illness, Vladyka Meletius asked that the conversation be continued on May 1. This again produced no result. Bishop Demetrius, who also took part, categorically and sharply protested against the venerations.
On May 2, an Episcopal Convention took place (Archbishop Nestor, as usual, was not present), at which this position was confirmed. Several days later, Metropolitan Meletius presented the text of the Episcopal Convention to Mr. Kobayasi. Kobayasi demanded that he give a written promise not to raise the question of venerations until the end of the war. Metropolitan Meletius asked that the words “if there will be no compulsion to venerations” should be added to the text. Vladyka’s demand again elicited a quarrel. However, in the end Kobayasi gave in. On August 31 the Harbin archpastors sent a letter to Archbishop Nestor in which they appealed to him “to unite with us, return and may your voice sound out in defence of the purity of the Faith and zeal for its confession. Sign (better late than never) our Archpastoral Epistle and announce this publicly – in whatever way and place you can.” In reply, Vladyka Nestor wrote that he did not disagree with his brother archpastors about the inadmissibility of venerating the temples of Amateras.
An important influence on the Japanese in their eventual climb-down was the courageous confession of Fr. Philaret. The Japanese seized him and subjected him to torture. His cheek was torn and his eyes were almost torn out, but he suffered this patiently. Then they told him: “We have a red-hot electrical instrument here. Everybody who has had it applied to them has agreed to our requests. And you will also agree.” The torturer brought the instrument forward. Then Fr. Philaret prayed to St. Nicholas: “Holy Hierarch Nicholas, help me, otherwise there may be a betrayal.” The torturer commenced his work. He stripped the confessor to his waist and started to burn his spine with the burning iron. Then a miracle took place. Fr. Philaret could smell his burning flesh, but felt no pain. He felt joyful in his soul. The torturer could not understand why he was silent, and did not cry out or writhe from the unbearable pain. Then he turned and looked at his face. Amazed, he waved his hand, muttered something in Japanese and fled, conquered by the superhuman power of the confessor’s endurance. Fr. Philaret was brought, almost dead, to his relatives. There he passed out. When he came to he said: “I was in hell itself.” Gradually his wounds healed. Only his eyes were a bit distorted. And the Japanese no longer tried to compel the Orthodox to bow down to their idol.
Confessor against Communism
In 1945 the Soviet armies defeated the Japanese army; later the Chinese communists took control of Manchuria. In the first days of the “Soviet coup” the Soviets began to offer Russian émigrés the opportunity to take Soviet passports. Their agitation was conducted in a skilful manner, very subtly and cleverly, and the deceived Russian people, exhausted from the hard years of the Japanese occupation during which everything Russian had been suppressed, believed that in the USSR there had now come “complete freedom of religion”, and they began to take passports en masse.
50,000 Russian citizens of Harbin, and every third young person, fell into the snare. The reality was soon revealed to them. At Atpor station 14,000 people were shot, and the remaining 36,000 were deported to concentration camps, where most of them perished of hunger and other privations.
Metropolitan Valentine of Suzdal writes: “I remember the year 1956, the Dormition men’s monastery in Odessa, where I was an unwilling witness as there returned from the camps and prisons, having served their terms, those hierarchs who returned to Russia after the war so as to unite with the ‘Mother Church’ at the call of Stalin’s government and the Moscow patriarchate: ‘The Homeland has forgiven you, the Homeland calls you!’ In 1946 they trustingly entered the USSR, and were all immediately captured and incarcerated for 10 years, while the ‘Mother Church’ was silent, not raising her voice in defence of those whom she had beckoned into the trap. In order to be ‘re-established’ in their hierarchical rank, they had to accept and chant hymns to Sergianism, and accept the Soviet patriarch. And what then? Some of them ended their lives under house arrest, others in monastery prisons, while others soon departed for eternity.”
At this time Fr. Philaret was the rector of the church of the holy Iveron icon in Harbin. There came to him a reporter from a Harbin newspaper asking his opinion on the “mercifulness” of the Soviet government in offering the émigrés Soviet passports. He expected to hear words of gratitude and admiration from Fr. Philaret, too. “But I replied that I categorically refused to take a passport, since I knew of no ‘ideological’ changes in the Soviet Union, and, in particular, I did not know how Church life was proceeding there. However, I knew a lot about the destruction of churches and the persecution of the clergy and believing laypeople. The person who was questioning me hastened to interrupt the conversation and leave…”
Soon Fr. Philaret read in the Journal of the Moscow Patriarchate that Lenin was the supreme genius and benefactor of mankind. Fr. Philaret could not stand this lie and from the ambon of the church he indicated to the believers the whole unrighteousness of this disgraceful affirmation in an ecclesiastical organ, emphasising that Patriarch Alexis (Simansky), as the editor of the JMP, was responsible for this lie. Fr. Philaret’s voice sounded alone: none of the clergy supported him, and from the diocesan authorities there came a ban on his preaching from the church ambon, under which ban he remained for quite a long time. Thus, while still a priest, he was forced to struggle for church righteousness on his own, without finding any understanding amidst his brothers. Practically the whole of the Far Eastern episcopate of the Russian Church Abroad at that time recognised the Moscow Patriarchate, and so Fr. Philaret found himself involuntarily in the jurisdiction of the MP, as a cleric of the Harbin diocese. This was for him exceptionally painful. He never, in whatever parish he served, permitted the commemoration of the atheist authorities during the Divine services, and he never served molebens or pannikhidas on the order of, or to please, the Soviet authorities. But even with such an insistent walling-off from the false church, his canonical dependence on the MP weighed as a heavy burden on his soul. When the famous campaign for “the opening up of the virgin lands” was declared in the USSR, the former émigrés were presented with the opportunity to depart for the Union. To Fr. Philaret’s sorrow, in 1947 his own father, Archbishop Demetrius of Hailar, together with several other Bishops, were repatriated to the USSR. But Fr. Philaret, on his own as before, tirelessly spoke in his flaming sermons about the lie implanted in the MP and in “the country of the soviets” as a whole. Not only in private conversations, but also from the ambon, he explained that going voluntarily to work in a country where communism was being built and religion was being persecuted, was a betrayal of God and the Church. He refused outright to serve molebens for those departing on a journey for those departing for the USSR, insofar as at the foundation of such a prayer lay a prayer for the blessing of a good intention, while the intention to go to the Union was not considered by Fr. Philaret to be good, and he could not lie to God and men. That is how he spoke and acted during his life in China.
Such a firm and irreconcilable position in relation to the MP and the Soviet authorities could not remain unnoticed. Fr. Philaret was often summoned by the Chinese authorities for interrogations, at one of which he was beaten. In October, 1960 they even tried to kill him…
As he himself recounted the story, at two o’clock on a Sunday morning Fr. Philaret got up from bed because of a strange smell in his house. He went to the living-room, in the corner of which was a larder. From under the doors of the larder there was coming out smoke with a sharp, corrosive smell. Then he went to the lavatory, poured water into a bowl, returned to the larder and, opening the doors, threw the water in the direction of the smoke. Suddenly there was an explosion and a flash. The fire burned him, while the wave of the explosion lifted him up and hurled him with enormous force across the whole length of the living-room and against the door leading out. Fortunately, the door opened outwards: from the force of his flying body the bolts were broken, and he fell on the ground deafened but alive. On coming to, he saw the whole of his house on fire like a torch. He understood that the explosion had been caused by a thermal bomb set to go off and burn down the house at a precise time.
During this night, at about midnight, a certain Zinaida Lvovna, one of the sisters of the church of the House of Mercy, came out of her house, which was situated opposite the church across the street, and saw some fire engines in the street near the church – but there was no fire. This unusual concourse of fire engines surprised her. About two hours later, when the sound of the bomb awoke her, she immediately went out into the street and saw the fire, which the fire-fighters had already managed to put out. Fr. Philaret was standing on the threshold of the church shaking from the cold and suffering from burns and concussion. Zinaida Lvovna immediately understood that the fire had been started by the communists with the purpose of killing Fr. Philaret. She quickly crossed the street and invited him to enter her house.
But the Chinese firemen, on seeing Archimandrite Philaret alive, accused him of starting the fire and wanted to arrest him. However, the quick-witted Zinaida Lvovna quickly turned to the chief fireman and said: “It looks like you put your fire engines here in advance, knowing that a fire was about to begin. Who told you beforehand that about the fire?” The fire chief was at a loss for words and could not immediately reply. Meanwhile, Zinaida Lvovna and Fr. Philaret went into her house. She put him in a room without windows because she knew that the communists might enter through a window and kill him.
The next day, some young people came early to the Sunday service, but the church was closed, and the house in which Fr. Philaret lived was burned to the ground. The twenty-year-old future pastor, Fr. Alexis Mikrikov came and learned from Zinaida Lvovna what had happened during the night. He asked to see Fr. Philaret. Immediately he saw that the saint was extremely exhausted and ill. His burned cheek was dark brown in colour. But the look in his eyes was full of firm submission to the will of God and joyful service to God and men. Suddenly Fr. Alexis heard him say: “Congratulations on the feast!” as he would say “Christ is risen!” Tears poured down the face of Fr. Alexis in reply. He had not wept since his childhood, and here he was, a twenty-year-old man, on his knees before the confessor, weeping and kissing his hand.
As a consequence of the interrogations and burns he suffered, for the rest of his life Fr. Philaret retained a small, sideways inclination of his head and a certain distortion of the lower part of his face; his vocal chords also suffered.
Two months passed. Fr. Philaret again began to serve, and within half a year he was able to live on his own in a separate maisonette above the church. But then he again went to Zinaida Lvovna. The reason was that he had gone into his cell after the service, but suddenly saw two big boots sticking out from under the curtain. Understanding that an assassin sent by the communists was standing there, he went to the chest of drawers, took something out to divert attention, and then quickly left the cell, locking it behind him. After this a Chinese policeman came to Zinaida Lvovna and asked her why Archimandrite Philaret did not sleep in his cell. She immediately understood what he was on about, and replied: because of his physical weakness.
Soon after this Fr. Philaret, through his spiritual sight, discovered a portrait of satan under the altar in the church of the House of Mercy. The portrait was immediately removed…
Archimandrite Philaret left China in 1961, only after almost the whole of his flock had left Harbin.
On March 29, 1962 the Hierarchical Synod of the Russian Church Abroad “heard a letter of Archimandrite Philaret (Voznesensky) to the president of the Synod on his arrival in Hong Kong and his repentance over the fact that in 1945 he had entered the jurisdiction of the Moscow Patriarchate, and also a penitential declaration signed by him in accordance with the form established by the Council of Bishops” in 1959.
The form in question was as follows: “I, the undersigned, a former clergyman of the Moscow Patriarchate, ordained to the rank of deacon (by such-and-such a bishop in such-and-such a place at such-and-such a time) and ordained to the rank of presbyter (by such-and-such a bishop in such-and-such a place at such-and-such a time) and having passed through my service (in such-and-such parishes), petition that I be received into the clergy of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad.
“I am sincerely sorry that I was among the clergy of the Moscow Patriarchate, which is in union with the God-fighting authorities.
“I sweep aside all the lawless acts of the Moscow hierarchy in connection with its support of the God-fighting authorities and I promise from now on to be faithful and obedient to the lawful hierarchy of the Russian Church Abroad.”
“While striving to guard my flock from Soviet falsehood and lies,” recounted the saint, “I myself sometimes felt inexpressibly oppressed – to the point that I several times came close to the decision to leave altogether – to cease serving. And I was stopped only by the thought of my flock: how could I leave these little ones? If I went and stopped serving, that would mean that they would have to enter into service to the Soviets and hear prayers for the forerunners of the Antichrist – ‘Lord, preserve them for many years,’ etc. This stopped me and forced me to carry out my duty to the end.
“And when, finally, with the help of God I managed to extract myself from red China, the first thing I did was turn to the First Hierarch of the Russian Church Abroad, Metropolitan Anastasy, with a request that he consider me again to be in the jurisdiction of the Russian Church Abroad. Vladyka Metropolitan replied with mercy and love, and immediately blessed me to serve in Hong Kong already as a priest of the Synodal jurisdiction, and pointed out that every church server passing into this jurisdiction from the jurisdiction of Moscow must give a special penitential declaration to the effect that he is sorry about his (albeit involuntary) stay in the Moscow jurisdiction. I did this immediately.”
Soon Fr. Philaret flew to Australia and arrived in Sydney. The ruling Archbishop of Australia accepted him with joy and love, and already in the first weeks of Fr. Philaret’s stay in Australia began to speak about the possibility of ordaining him as a Bishop. Archimandrite Philaret considered himself weak and unworthy of such a lofty service. However, the experience of monastic obedience did not allow him to decline from the path to which ecclesiastical authority summoned him. In 1963 he was ordained Bishop of Brisbane, a vicariate of the Australian diocese.
In his sermon at his nomination as Bishop Archimandrite Philaret said to the Archpastors who were present:
“Holy Hierarchs of God! I have thought and felt much in these last days, I have reviewed and examined the whole of my life – and… I see, on the one hand, a chain of innumerable benefactions from God, and on the other – the countless number of my sins… And so raise your hierarchical prayers for my wretchedness in this truly terrible hour of my ordination, that the Lord, the First of Pastors, Who through your holiness is calling me to the height of this service, may not deprive me, the sinful and wretched one, of a place and lot among His chosen ones…
“One hierarch-elder, on placing the hierarchical staff in the hands of a newly appointed bishop, said to him: ‘Do not be like a milestone on the way, that points out for others the road ahead, but itself remains in its place…’ Pray also for this, Fathers and Archpastors, that in preaching to others, I myself may not turn out to be an idle slave.”
On May 14/27, 1964, having been for many years First Hierarch of ROCOR, Metropolitan Anastasy, for reasons of health and age, petitioned the Hierarchical Council for his retirement. The question arose who would be the new First Hierarch. Some members of ROCOR wanted to see the holy Hierarch John (Maximovich) as their head, but another part was very opposed to this. Then, to avoid any further aggravation of the situation, and a possible scandal and even schism, the Hierarch John removed his candidacy and suggested making the youngest Hierarch, Bishop Philaret, First Hierarch.
This choice was supported by Metropolitan Anastasy: Vladyka Philaret was the youngest by ordination, had mixed little in Church Abroad circles, and had not managed to join any “party”.
And so Bishop Philaret of Brisbane was elected to the First Hierarchical see by the Hierarchical Council of ROCOR, and was enthroned by Metropolitan Anastasy himself in a service that, for the first time in centuries, used the ancient text for the enthroning of a metropolitan of Moscow.
Almost immediately, in his 1965 Epistle “to Orthodox Bishops and all who hold dear the Fate of the Russian Church”, Metropolitan Philaret made clear his completely uncompromising attitude to the Moscow Patriarchate and his great love for the Catacomb Church. In view of the continuing relevance of his words, when the gracelessness of the Moscow Patriarchate is understood by few, we quote it in full:
“In recent days the Soviet Government in Moscow and various parts of the world celebrated a new anniversary of the October Revolution of 1917 which brought it to power.
“We, on the other hand, call to mind in these days the beginning of the way of the cross for the Russian Orthodox Church, upon which from that time, as it were, all the powers of hell have fallen.
“Meeting resistance on the part of Archpastors, pastors, and laymen strong in spirit, the Communist power, in its fight with religion, began from the very first days the attempt to weaken the Church not only by killing those of her leaders who were strongest in spirit, but also by means of the artificial creation of schisms.
Thus arose the so-called ''Living Church" and the renovationist movement, which had the character of a Church tied to a Protestant-Communist reformation. Notwithstanding the support of the Government, this schism was crushed by the inner power of the Church. It was too clear to believers that the ‘Renovated Church’ was uncanonical and altered Orthodoxy. For this reason people did not follow it.
“The second attempt, after the
death of Patriarch Tikhon and the rest of the locum tenentes of the
patriarchal throne, Metropolitan Peter, had greater success. The Soviet power
succeeded in 1927 in sundering in part the inner unity of the Church. By
confinement in prison, torture, and special methods it broke the will of the
vicar of the patriarchal locum tenens, Metropolitan Sergius, and secured
from him the proclamation of a declaration of the complete loyalty of the Church
to the Soviet power, even to the point where the joys and successes of the
Soviet Union were declared by the Metropolitan to the joys and successes of the
Church, and its failures to be her
failures. What can be more blasphemous than such an idea, which was justly appraised by many at that time as an attempt to unite light with darkness, and Christ with Belial. Both Patriarch Tikhon and Metropolitan Peter, as well as others who served as locum tenens of the Patriarchal throne, had earlier refused to sign a similar declaration, for which they were subjected to arrest, imprisonment, and banishment.
“Protesting against this declaration—which was proclaimed by Metropolitan Sergius by himself alone, without the agreement of the suppressed majority of the episcopate of the Russian Church, violating thus the 34th Apostolic Canon—many bishops who were then in the death camp at Solovki wrote to the Metropolitan: ‘Any government can sometimes make decisions that are foolish, unjust, cruel, to which the Church is forced to submit, but which she cannot rejoice over or approve. One of the aims of the Soviet Government is the extirpation of religion, but the Church cannot acknowledge its successes in this direction as her own successes’ (Open Letter from Solovki, September 27, 1927).
“The courageous majority of the sons of the Russian Church did not accept the declaration of Metropolitan Sergius, considering that a union of the Church with the godless Soviet State, which had set itself the goal of annihilating Christianity in general, could not exist on principle.
“But a schism nonetheless occurred. The minority, accepting the declaration, formed a central administration, the so-called ‘Moscow Patriarchate,’ which, while being supposedly officially recognized by the authorities, in actual fact received no legal rights whatever from them; for they continued, now without hindrance, a most cruel persecution of the Church. In the words of Joseph, Metropolitan of Petrograd, Metropolitan Sergius, having proclaimed the declaration, entered upon the path of ‘monstrous arbitrariness, flattery, and betrayal of the Church to the interests of atheism and the destruction of the Church.’
“The majority, renouncing the declaration, began an illegal ecclesiastical existence. Almost all the bishops were tortured and killed in death camps, among them the locum tenentes Metropolitan Peter and Metropolitan Cyril of Kazan, who was respected by all, and Metropolitan Joseph of Petrograd, who was shot to death at the end of 1938, as well as many other bishops and thousands of priests, monks, nuns, and courageous laymen. Those bishops and clergy who miraculously remained alive began to live illegally and to serve Divine services secretly, hiding themselves from the authorities and originating in this fashion the Catacomb Church in the Soviet Union.
“Little news of this Church has come to the free world. The Soviet press long kept silent about her, wishing to give the impression that all believers in the USSR stood behind the Moscow Patriarchate. They even attempted to deny entirely the existence of the Catacomb Church.
“But then, after the death of Stalin and the exposure of his activity, and especially after the fall of Khrushchev, the Soviet press has begun to write more and more often on the secret Church in the USSR, calling it the ‘sect’ of True-Orthodox Christians. It was apparently impossible to keep silence about it any longer; its numbers are too great and it causes the authorities too much alarm.
“Unexpectedly in the Atheist Dictionary (Moscow, 1964), on pages 123 and 124 the Catacomb Church is openly discussed. '’True-Orthodox Christians,’ we read in the Dictionary, ‘an Orthodox sect, originating in the years 1922-24. It was organized in 1927, when Metropolitan Sergius proclaimed the principle of loyalty to the Soviet power.’ ‘Monarchist’ (we would say ecclesiastical) ‘elements, having united around Metropolitan Joseph (Petrovykh) of Leningrad' (Petrograd) — the Josephites,’ or, as the same Dictionary says, the Tikhonites, formed in 1928 a guiding centre, the True-Orthodox Church, and united all groups and elements which came out against the Soviet order’ (we may add from ourselves, ‘atheist’ order). ‘The True-Orthodox Church directed unto the villages a multitude of monks and nuns,’ for the most part of course priests, we add again from ourselves, who celebrated Divine services and rites secretly and ‘conducted propaganda against the leadership of the Orthodox Church,’ i.e, against the Moscow Patriarchate which had given in to the Soviet power, ‘appealing to people not to submit to Soviet laws,’ which are directed, quite apparently, against the Church of Christ and faith. By the testimony of the Atheist Dictionary, the True-Orthodox Christians organized and continue to organize house, 'i.e., secret, catacomb churches and monasteries... preserving in full the doctrine and rites of Orthodoxy.’ They ‘do not acknowledge the authority of the Orthodox Patriarch,’ i.e., the successor of Metropolitan Sergius, Patriarch Alexis.
“’Striving to fence off’ the True-Orthodox Christians ‘from the influence of Soviet reality,’ chiefly of course from atheist propaganda, ‘their leaders... make use of the myth of Antichrist, who has supposedly been ruling in the world since 1917.’ The anti-Christian nature of the Soviet power is undoubted for any sound-thinking person, and all the more for a Christian.
“True Orthodox Christians ‘usually refuse to participate in elections,’ which in the Soviet Union, a country deprived of freedom, are simply a comedy, ‘and other public functions; they do not accept pensions, do not allow their children to go to school beyond the fourth class...’ Here is an unexpected Soviet testimony of the truth, to which nothing need be added.
“Honour and praise to the True-Orthodox Christians, heroes of the spirit and confessors, who have not bowed before the terrible power, which can stand only by terror and force and has become accustomed to the abject flattery of its subjects. The Soviet rulers fall into a rage over the fact that there exist people who fear God more than men. They are powerless before the millions of True-Orthodox Christians.
“However, besides the True Orthodox Church in the Soviet Union and the Moscow Patriarchate, which have communion neither of prayer nor of any other kind with each other, there exists yet a part of the Russian Church—free from oppression and persecution by the atheists the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia. She has never broken the spiritual and prayerful bonds with the Catacomb Church in the home land. After the last war many members of this Church appeared abroad and entered into the Russian Church Outside Russia, and thus the bond between these two Churches was strengthened yet more—a bond which has been sustained illegally up to the present time. As time goes on, it becomes all the stronger and better established.
“The part of the Russian Church that is abroad and free is called upon to speak in the free world in the name of the persecuted Catacomb Church in the Soviet Union; she reveals to all the truly tragic condition of believers in the USSR, which the atheist power so carefully hushes up, with the aid of the Moscow Patriarchate, she calls on those who have not lost shame and conscience to help the persecuted.
“This is why it is our sacred duty to watch over the existence of the Russian Church Outside of Russia. The Lord, the searcher of hearts, having permitted His Church to be subjected to oppression, persecution, and deprivation of all rights in the godless Soviet State, has given us, Russian exiles, in the free world the talent of freedom, and He expects from us the increase of this talent and a skilful use of it. And we have not the right to hide it in the earth. Let no one dare to say to us that we should do this, let no one push us to a mortal sin. For the fate of our Russian Church we, Russian bishops, are responsible before God, and no one in the world can free us from this sacred obligation. No one can understand better than we what is happening in our homeland, of which no one can have any doubt. Many times foreigners, even Orthodox people and those vested with high ecclesiastical rank, have made gross errors in connection with the Russian Church and false conclusions concerning her present condition. May God forgive them this, since they do not know what they are doing.
“We shall not cease to accuse the godless persecutors of faith and those who evilly cooperate with them under the exterior of supposed representatives of the Church. In this the Russian Church Outside of Russia has always seen one of her important tasks. Knowing this, the Soviet power through its agents wages with her a stubborn battle, not hesitating to use any means: lies, bribes, gifts, and intimidation. We, however, shall not suspend our accusation.
“Declaring this before the face of the whole world, I appeal to all our brothers in Christ—Orthodox bishops—and to all people who hold dear the fate of the persecuted Russian Church as a part of the Universal Church of Christ, for understanding, support, and their holy prayers. As for our spiritual children, we call on them to hold firmly to the truth of Orthodoxy, witnessing of her both by one's word and especially by a prayerful, devout Christian life.”
Confessor against Ecumenism
The new metropolitan faced a daunting task. For he had, on the one hand, to lead his Church in decisively denouncing the apostasy of World Orthodoxy, communion with which could no longer be tolerated. And on the other, he had to preserve unity among the members of his own Synod, some of whom were in spirit closer to “World Orthodoxy” than True Orthodoxy…
While Metropolitan Philaret was first-hierarch, ecumenism finally showed its true face – the mask of a terrible heresy uniting in itself all the earlier heresies and striving to engulf Orthodoxy completely, destroying the very concept of the Church of Christ and creating a universal “church” of the antichrist. An important turning-point came in 1964, when, in defiance of the holy canons, Pope Paul VI and Patriarch Athenagoras of Constantinople prayed together in Jerusalem, and in December, 1965 they “lifted the anathemas” placed by the Roman and Constantinopolitan Churches on each other in 1054.
At this critical point the Lord raised Metropolitan Philaret to explain to the ecumenist Orthodox the essence of the danger into which they were falling. In the first of a series of “Sorrowful Epistles”, on December 2/15, 1965, he wrote to Patriarch Athenagoras protesting against his action: “The organic belonging of the Orthodox to the union of the contemporary heretics does not sanctify the latter, while it tears away the Orthodox entering into it from Catholic Orthodox Unity… Your gesture puts a sign of equality between error and truth. For centuries all the Orthodox Churches believed with good reasons that it has violated no doctrine of the Holy Ecumenical Councils; whereas the Church of Rome has introduced a number of innovations in its dogmatic teaching. The more such innovations were introduced, the deeper was to become the separation between the East and the West. The doctrinal deviations of Rome in the eleventh century did not yet contain the errors that were added later. Therefore the cancellation of the mutual excommunication of 1054 could have been of meaning at that time, but now it is only evidence of indifference in regard to the most important errors, namely new doctrines foreign to the ancient Church, of which some, having been exposed by St. Mark of Ephesus, were the reason why the Church rejected the Union of Florence… No union of the Roman Church with us is possible until it renounces its new doctrines, and no communion in prayer can be restored with it without a decision of all the Churches, which, however, can hardly be possible before the liberation of the Church of Russia which at present has to live in the catacombs… A true dialogue implies an exchange of views with a possibility of persuading the participants to attain an agreement. As one can perceive from the Encyclical Ecclesiam Suam, Pope Paul VI understands the dialogue as a plan for our union with Rome with the help of some formula which would, however, leave unaltered its doctrines, and particularly its dogmatic doctrine about the position of the Pope in the Church. However, any compromise with error is foreign to the history of the Orthodox Church and to the essence of the Church. It could not bring a harmony in the confessions of the Faith, but only an illusory outward unity similar to the conciliation of dissident Protestant communities in the ecumenical movement.”
In his second Epistle, written in 1969, Metropolitan Philaret said that he had decided to turn to all the hierarchs, “some of whom occupy the oldest and most glorious sees”, because, in the words of St. Gregory the Theologian, “the truth is betrayed by silence”, and it is impossible to keep silent when you see a deviation from the purity of Orthodoxy – after all, every bishop at his ordination gives a promise to keep the Faith and the canons of the holy fathers and defend Orthodoxy from heresies. The holy metropolitan quoted various ecumenist declarations of the World Council of Churches (WCC) and clearly showed, on the basis of the patristic teaching and the canons, that the position of the WCC had nothing in common with Orthodoxy, and consequently the Orthodox Churches should not participate in the work of this council. He also emphasised that the voice of the MP was not the voice of the True Russian Church, which was persecuted and concealed itself in the catacombs. He called on all the Orthodox hierarchs to stand up in defence of the purity of Orthodoxy.
On December 16, 1969 the MP Synod decided “that in cases where Old Believers and Catholics ask the Orthodox Church to administer the holy sacraments to them, this is not forbidden.”
ROCOR’s Archbishop Averky commented on this decision: “Now, even if some entertained some sort of doubts about how we should regard the contemporary Moscow Patriarchate, and whether we can consider it Orthodox after its intimate union with the enemies of God, the persecutors of the Faith and Christ’s Church, these doubts must now be completely dismissed: by the very fact that it has entered into liturgical communion with the Papists, it has fallen away from Orthodoxy [emphasis in the original] and can no longer be considered Orthodox…”
Metropolitan Philaret agreed with this judgement; and on March 31, 1970, under his presidency the ROCOR Synod passed the following resolution, which for the first time in the history of ROCOR defined the MP as not only schismatic, but also heretical: “to consider the decision of the Moscow Patriarchate granting Roman Catholics access to all the sacraments of the Orthodox Church as in violation of the holy canons and contrary to Orthodox dogmatical doctrines. Entering thus into communion with the heterodox, the Moscow Patriarchate estranges itself from the unity of the holy Fathers and Doctors of the Church. By its action it does not sanctify the heretics to whom it offers the sacraments, but it itself becomes part of their heresy.”
Eighteen months later, on September 15/28, 1971 a decree of the Hierarchical Council confirmed this decision: “The lack of accord of the decree of the Moscow Patriarchate, concerning the granting of communion to Roman Catholics, with Orthodox dogmatic teaching and the Church canons is completely clear to any person even slightly informed in theology. It was justly condemned by a decree of the Synod of the Church of Greece. The holy canons do permit the communication of a great sinner who is under penance (epitimia) when he is about to die (I Ecumenical 13, Carthage 6, Gregory of Nyssa 2 and 5), but there is not a single canon which would extend this to include persons foreign to the Orthodox Church, as long as they have not renounced their false doctrines. No matter what explanation Metropolitan Nicodemus and the other Moscow hierarchs might try to give of this act, it is completely clear that by this decision, even though with certain limitations, communion has been established between the Moscow Patriarchate and Roman Catholics. Furthermore, the latter have already made the decision to permit members of the Orthodox Church to receive communion from them. All this was particularly clearly demonstrated in the service held on December 14, 1970, in St. Peter's Basilica in Rome, when Metropolitan Nicodemus gave communion to Catholic clerics. It is perfectly clear that this act could not be justified by any need. By this act the Moscow Patriarchate has betrayed Orthodoxy. If the 45th Canon of the Holy Apostles excommunicates from the Church an Orthodox bishop or cleric who has ‘only prayed together with heretics’, and the 10th Apostolic Canon forbids even prayer together with those who are excommunicated, what can we say about a bishop who dares to offer the Holy Mysteries to them? If catechumens must leave the church before the sanctification of the Gifts and are not permitted even at point of death to receive communion until they are united to the Church, how can one justify the communicating of persons who, being members of heretical communities, are much farther away from the Church than a catechumen, who is preparing to unite with her? The act of the Moscow Synod, which was confirmed by the recent Council of the Moscow Patriarchate in Moscow, extends the responsibility for this un-Orthodox decision to all participants of the Moscow Council and to their entire Church organization. The decision to admit Catholics to communion is an act that is not only anticanonical, but heretical as well, as inflicting harm on the Orthodox doctrine of the Church, since only true members of the Church are called to communicate of the Body and Blood of Christ in the Eucharist. The Moscow decree, logically considered, recognizes as her members those who, through their doctrinal errors, in both heart and mind are far from her.”
The metropolitan wrote a third “Sorrowful Epistle” on the Sunday of Orthodoxy, 1972. In it he noted that although in the last two years hierarchs had made declarations about the heterodoxy of the ecumenical movement, not one Orthodox Church had declared that it was leaving the WCC. His aim in writing this fresh epistle was “to show that abyss of heresy against the very concept of the Church into which all the participants in the ecumenical movement are being drawn”. He recalled the threatening prophecy of the Apostle Paul that to those who will not receive “the love of the truth for salvation” the Lord will send “strong delusion, that they should believe a lie. That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness” (II Thessalonians 2.10-12).
A fourth Epistle, written in 1975, was devoted to the so-called “Thyateira Confession” of Metropolitan Athenagoras [of Thyateira and Great Britain], the exarch of the Constantinopolitan Patriarchate in Europe – a document written in a completely heretical spirit, but which did not elicit any reaction from the leaders of the official churches. Evidently Metropolitan Philaret hoped at the beginning that at any rate one of the bishops of ‘World Orthodoxy’ might listen to his words, which is why he addressed them in his epistles as true Archpastors of the Church. Besides, attempts at exhortation corresponded to the apostolic command: ‘A man that is a heretic after the first and second admonition reject, knowing that he that is such is subverted, and sinneth, being condemned of himself’ (Titus 3. 10-11). It was fitting, before accepting an anathema against the apostates, to try and convert them from their error.
Alas, no conversion took place, and the ecumenical impiety continued to pour out. And so the saint continued to explain the danger of the new heresy, which encompassed all the old heresies into a heresy of heresies. Thus while telling about the zeal of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker, who slapped the face of Arius when he blasphemed against the Son of God, Vladyka said: “O how often we do not have enough of such zeal when it is really necessary to speak for the insulted and trodden-on truth! I want to tell you about one incident that took place not long ago and which it would have been difficult even to imagine several years ago – and now we are going further and further downhill all the time. One man came from Paris and said that the following incident had taken place at a so-called ‘ecumenical meeting’. Of course, you know what ecumenism is; it is the heresy of heresies. It wants to completely wipe out the concept of the Orthodox Church as the guardian of the Truth, and to create some kind of new, strange church. And so there took place this ‘ecumenical meeting’. Present were a so-called Orthodox protopriest from the Paris Theological (more exactly, heretical) Institute, a Jewish rabbi, a pastor and a Catholic priest. At first they sort of prayed, and then began the speeches. And then (forgive me for saying such things from the holy ambon, but I want to show you what we have come to) the Jewish rabbi said that the Lord Jesus Christ was the illegitimate son of a dissolute woman…
“But that’s not the main horror. The Jewish people has opposed God for a long time… - so there’s nothing surprising in this. But the horror was that when he said this everyone was silent. Later, a man who had heard this terrible blasphemy asked the ‘Orthodox’ protopriest: ‘How could you keep silent?’ He replied: ‘I didn’t want to offend this Jew.’ It’s wrong to offend a Jew, but to insult the All-Pure Virgin Mary is permitted! Look at the state we have come to! How often does it happen to us all now that we do not have the zeal to stand up, when necessary, in defence of our holy things! The Orthodox cleric must zealously stand up against blasphemy, just as the holy Hierarch Nicholas stopped the mouth of the heretic… But now, unfortunately, we have become, as the saying goes, ‘shamefully indifferent to both the evil and the good’. And it is precisely in the soil of this indifference, of a kind of feeling of self-preservation, that the heresy of ecumenism has established itself – as also apostasy, that falling away which is becoming more and more evident… Let us remember, brethren, that Christian love embraces all in itself, is compassionate to all, wishes that all be saved and is sorry for, and merciful to, and loves every creature of God; but where it sees a conscious assault on the truth it turns into fiery zeal which cannot bear any such blasphemy… And so must it always be, because every Orthodox Christian must always be zealous for God.”
In addition to issuing his “Sorrowful Epistles”, Metropolitan Philaret and his Synod took concrete measures to guard his flock against the heresy of ecumenism. It was especially necessary to make clear that Catholics and Protestants were not inside the True Church. And so in 1971 it was decreed that all Catholics and Protestants coming to the Orthodox Church should be received by full threefold immersion baptism.
This re-establishment of the canonical norms in relation to the reception of heretics increased the prestige of ROCOR among all those seeking the truth of Orthodoxy, and many converts from western confessions, as well as Orthodox from other, ecumenical jurisdictions, sought refuge in the ROCOR. By the 1970s ROCOR under Metropolitan Philaret’s leadership was not only a global jurisdiction geographically, but was well on the way to becoming global in its membership, too.
While rebuking the apostasy of the “World Orthodox” who took part in the World Council of Churches, Metropolitan Philaret was zealous to establish relations with other truly confessing Churches. Thus in December, 1969, under his leadership, the Synod of ROCOR officially recognised the validity of the ordinations of the “Florinite” branch of the Greek Old Calendarists. And in September, 1971 communion was also established with the “Matthewite” branch of the same Church.
On September 20, 1975, Metropolitan Philaret wrote to Metropolitan Epiphanius of Kition, the leader of the Old Calendarist Church of Cyprus: “From the beginning our Russian Church has known that the calendar innovation was unacceptable, and has not dared to move this boundary set by patristic tradition, for the Ecclesiastical Calendar is a support of the life of the Church and as such is fortified by decrees of Holy Tradition.
“However, it is obvious to all that the calendar innovation caused a schism in the Greek Church in 1924, and the responsibility for the schism weighs exclusively on the innovators. This is the conclusion that will be reached by anyone studying the Patriarchal Tomoi (as that of 1583) and taking into account the wretched and self-evident fact of the schism and the frightful punishments, persecutions and blasphemies which those who have cleaved to the patristic piety of Holy Tradition have undergone.
“Thinking in this way, our Holy Synod has decreed that we ‘flee’ concelebrations with the new calendarist modernists. We do not concelebrate with them, nor do we give permission or a blessing to our clergy for such a concelebration. In order to assure you of the truth of what we say, we inform you that whenever a community in the diaspora is received into our Church, they are required to follow the patristic Calendar of the Orthodox Church…”
In 1977 the metropolitan received under his omophorion fourteen priests of the Russian Catacomb Church who were without an archpastor, thereby marking the beginning of the return of ROCOR to the Russian land. He had a lofty estimate of the exploit of the catacombniks and used to cite the example of the catacomb nuns who refused to carry out the commands of the godless authorities and received for their firmness the miraculous help of God – they did not freeze after several hours in the icy wind which the chekists had put them with the intention of killing them thereby. He used to say: “If the whole multi-million mass of Russian people were to display such faithfulness as these nuns displayed, and refused to obey the robbers who have planted themselves on the Russian people – communism would fall in a moment, for the people would receive the same help from God as miraculously saved the nuns who went to certain death. But as long as the people recognises this power and obeys it, even if with curses in their soul, this power will remain in place.”
The decision of the MP to give communion to Catholics put the other Russian jurisdiction in North America, the American Metropolia, into a difficult position; for in the early 1960s the Metropolia (a body in schism from ROCOR since 1946) had been, through Fr. Georges Florovsky, among the most conservative participants in the ecumenical movement. However, this Church had been secretly negotiating with the Moscow Patriarchate for a grant of autocephaly. According to the deal eventually agreed upon, the patriarchate was to declare the Metropolia to be the autocephalous Orthodox Church of America (OCA) in exchange for the Japanese parishes of the Metropolia coming within the jurisdiction of the patriarchate. And yet the MP’s parishes in America did not pass into the OCA, but remained directly under the patriarchate!
This deal, which was recognized by none of the Local Churches and was to the advantage, in the long run, only of the MP and the KGB (it was engineered by the KGB General Metropolitan Nikodim of Leningrad), was made public in December, 1969 – just at the moment that the patriarchate announced that it had entered into partial communion with the Catholics. Thus the former Metropolia found that it had been granted autocephaly by a Church that was now in communion with the Catholics. Naturally, this dealt a death blow to such anti-ecumenist opinion as still existed in that Church.
In 1971 the ROCOR Council of Bishops passed over the heretical aspect of the matter, and concentrated on the illegality of the church that had given the autocephaly: “The Council of Bishops, having listened to the report of the Synod of Bishops concerning the so-called Metropolia’s having received autocephaly from the Patriarchate of Moscow, approves all the steps taken in due course by the Synod of Bishops to convince Metropolitan Irenaeus and his colleagues of the perniciousness of a step which deepens the division which was the result of the decision of the Cleveland Council of 1946 which broke away from the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia.
“The American Metropolia has received its autocephaly from the Patriarchate of Moscow, which has not possessed genuine canonical succession from His Holiness Patriarch Tikhon from the time when Metropolitan Sergius, who later called himself Patriarch, violated his oath with regard to Metropolitan Peter, the locum tenens of the patriarchal throne, and set out upon a path which was then condemned by the senior hierarchs of the Church of Russia. Submitting all the more to the commands of the atheistic, anti-Christian regime, the Patriarchate of Moscow has ceased to be that which expresses the voice of the Russian Orthodox Church. For this reason, as the Synod of Bishops has correctly declared, none of its acts, including the bestowal of autocephaly upon the American Metropolia, has legal force. Furthermore, apart from this, this act, which affects the rights of many Churches, has elicited definite protests on the part of a number of Orthodox Churches, who have even severed communion with the American Metropolia.
“Viewing this illicit act with sorrow, and acknowledging it to be null and void, the Council of Bishops of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia, which has hitherto not abandoned hope for the restoration of ecclesiastical unity in America, sees in the declaration of American autocephaly a step which will lead the American Metropolia yet farther away from the ecclesiastical unity of the Church of Russia. Perceiving therein a great sin against the enslaved and suffering Church of Russia, the Council of Bishops DECIDES: henceforth, neither the clergy nor the laity [of the Russian Church Abroad] are to have communion in prayer or the divine services with the hierarchy or clergy of the American Metropolia.”
The Third All-Diaspora Council
In 1974 the Third All-Emigration Council of ROCOR took place in the monastery of the Holy Trinity in Jordanville, New York. Just as the First Council, held at Karlovtsy in 1921, had defined the relationship of ROCOR to the Bolshevik regime and the Romanov dynasty; and the Second Council, held in Belgrade in 1938, defined her relationship to the Church inside Russia; so the Third Council tried to define her relationship to the ecumenical and dissident movements. As Metropolitan Philaret, president of the Council, said in his keynote address: “First of all, the Council must declare not only for the Russian flock, but for the entire Church, its concept of the Church; to reveal the dogma of the Church… The Council must determine the place our Church Abroad holds within contemporary Orthodoxy, among the other ‘so-called’ churches. We say ‘so-called’ for though now they often speak of many ‘churches’, the Church of Christ is single and One.”
Here the metropolitan was hinting that faithfulness to the dogma of the One Church was not compatible with communion with World Orthodoxy”, the Local Orthodox Churches that participated in the ecumenical movement. However, such a vision of ROCOR was not shared by all her hierarchs. Some saw the isolation of ROCOR from other local Churches as necessitated, not so much by the struggle against ecumenism, as by the need to preserve Russianness among the Russian émigrés. They had passively acquiesced in Metropolitan Philaret’s “Sorrowful Epistles”, and in the union with the Greek Old Calendarists. But they began to stir when the consequences of this were spelled out by the “zealots” in ROCOR: no further communion with the new calendarists, the Serbs and Jerusalem. The unofficial leader of this group of bishops turned out to be Archbishop Anthony of Geneva, who was supported by Bishop Laurus of Manhattan, Archbishop Philotheus of Germany and Bishop Paul of Stuttgart.
In his address to the Council, entitled “Our Church in the Modern World”, Anthony of Geneva declared: “By the example of our First Hierarchs [Anthony and Anastasy] we must carefully preserve those fine threads which bind us with the Orthodox world. Under no circumstances must we isolate ourselves, seeing around us, often imagined, heretics and schismatics. Through gradual self-isolation we will fall into the extremism which our metropolitans wisely avoided, we will reject that middle, royal path which until now our Church has travelled… By isolating ourselves, we will embark upon the path of sectarianism, fearing everyone and everything, we will become possessed with paranoia.”
This somewhat hysterical appeal not to separate from the World Orthodox at just the point when they were embarking upon “super-ecumenism” was criticised by Protopresbyter George Grabbe: “The report does not mention to the degree necessary, maybe, that life goes on, and the sickness of ecumenism deepens and widens more and more. Condescension, oikonomia, must under different circumstances be applied differently, and to different degrees. In doses too great it can betray the Truth.” Then Archbishop Anthony of Los Angeles recalled that “we have many Greek [Old Calendarist] parishes. Our concelebration with the new calendarists was very bitter for them.”
Another important issue that divided the hierarchs was the attitude that needed to be taken to the Moscow Patriarchate. In 1971 the MP elected a new patriarch, which drew two resolutions from the Hierarchical Council of ROCOR. The first, dated September 1/14, declared: “The free part of the Russian Church, which is beyond the frontiers of the USSR, is heart and soul with the confessors of the faith who… are called ‘the True Orthodox Christians’, and who often go by the name of ‘the Catacomb Church’… The Council of Bishops recognizes its spiritual unity with them…”
The second, of the same date, is called “Resolution of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia Concerning the Election of Pimen (Izvekov) as Patriarch of Moscow”: “All of the elections of Patriarchs in Moscow, beginning in 1943, are invalid on the basis of the 30th Canon of the Holy Apostles and the 3rd Canon of the 7th Ecumenical Council, according to which, ‘if any bishop, having made use of secular rulers, should receive through them Episcopal authority in the Church, let him be defrocked and excommunicated along with all those in communion with him’. The significance that the Fathers of the 7th Council gave to such an offence is obvious from the very fact of a double punishment for it, that is, not only deposition but excommunication as well, something unusual for ecclesiastical law. The famous commentator on Canon Law, Bishop Nicodemus of Dalmatia, gives the following explanation of the 30th Canon of the Holy Apostles: ‘If the Church condemned unlawful influence by the secular authorities in the ordination of bishops at a time when the rulers were Christians, then it follows that She should condemn such action all the more when the latter are pagans and place even heavier penalties on the guilty parties, who were not ashamed of asking for help from pagan rulers and the authorities subordinated to them, in order to gain the episcopate. This (30th) Canon has such cases in view’. If in defence of this position examples are given of the Patriarchs of Constantinople who were placed on the Throne at the caprice of the Turkish Sultans, one can reply that no anomaly can be regarded as a norm and that one breach of Canon Law cannot justify another.
“The election of Pimen (Izvekov) as Patriarch of Moscow and All Russia at the gathering calling itself an All-Russian Church Council in Moscow the 2nd of June of this year, on the authority of the 3rd Canon of the 7th Ecumenical Council and other reasons set forth in this decision, is to be regarded as unlawful and void, and all of his acts and directions as having no strength.”
However, ROCOR’s attitude to the MP was complicated by the phenomenon known as “the dissident movement” in the Soviet Union. The dissidents were courageous opponents of the Soviet regime and supporters of human rights whose activity affected both the political sphere (for example, Sakharov and Solzhenitsyn) and the religious sphere (Solzhenitsyn again, the priests Eshliman, Yakunin and Dudko, the layman Boris Talantov).
One of the most famous dissidents, Alexander Solzhenitsyn, had been expelled from the Soviet Union in 1974 and now turned up at ROCOR’s All-Diaspora Council, although he was a member of the MP, at the invitation of Archbishop Anthony of Geneva. He promptly created a sensation by declaring that he did not believe in the existence of the Catacomb Church. He supported ROCOR’s independent stance, but opposed any condemnation of the MP as graceless.
This position eminently suited those hierarchs of ROCOR, such as Anthony of Geneva, whose attitude to events in Russia was dictated as much by political as by spiritual or ecclesiological considerations (many West European members of ROCOR, such as the future Archbishop Mark of Berlin, belonged to the NTS, a secret anti-communist political party which was infiltrated by both the KGB and the CIA). They were sincere anti-communists and despised the kowtowing of the MP hierarchs to communism, but would not have dreamed of denying that the MP was a true Church. In other words, their opposition to the MP was political and patriotic rather than strictly ecclesiastical and dogmatic.
Taking the opportunity presented by Solzhenitsyn’s speech, Archbishop Anthony of Geneva read a report calling on ROCOR to support the dissidents, in spite of the fact that they were ecumenists and in the MP. He was countered by Archbishop Anthony of Los Angeles, who, while respecting the courage of the dissidents, objected to a recognition of them that would devalue the witness of the true catacomb confessors by giving the impression that it is possible to be a true confessor from within a heretical church organization. Also, Metropolitan Philaret moved for an official statement that the MP was graceless. According to the witness of a seminarian present at the Council, the majority of bishops and delegates would have supported such a motion. However, at the last minute the metropolitan was persuaded not to proceed with the motion on the grounds that it would have caused a schism.
The following is an extract from Protocol № 3 of the ROCOR Council, dated October 8/21, 1974: “Bishop Gregory says that to the question of the existence (of grace) it is not always possible to give a final reply immediately. The loss of grace is the consequence of spiritual death, which sometimes does not come immediately. Thus plants sometimes die gradually. In relation to the loss of grace in the Moscow Patriarchate, it would be interesting to make the comparison with the position of the iconoclasts, although the sin of the Patriarchate is deeper. The President [Metropolitan Philaret] says that we cannot now issue a resolution on grace in the Moscow Patriarchate, but we can be certain that grace lives only in the true Church, but the Moscow hierarchs have gone directly against Christ and His work. How can there be grace among them? The metropolitan personally considers that the Moscow Patriarchate is graceless.”
Voices were heard at the 1974 Council arguing for union not only between the ROCOR and MP dissidents, but also between ROCOR and the Paris and American Metropolia (Orthodox Church of America) jurisdictions. Love, they said, should unite us, and we should not emphasize our differences. But Metropolitan Philaret pointed out that love which does not wish to disturb our neighbour by pointing out his errors is not love but hatred! He continued to regard the Paris and American jurisdictions as schismatic, and did not allow intercommunion with them. This was in accordance with his profoundly felt conviction that there is only One True Church.
Conflict in the Synod
The divisions that were beginning to emerge between Metropolitan Philaret and the majority of other hierarchs were expressed by him in a letter to one of his few allies, Protopresbyter George Grabbe, the Secretary of the Synod. Describing a meeting with the hierarchs, he wrote: “I saw how truly alone I am among our hierarchs with my views on matters of principle (although on a personal level I am on good terms with everyone). And I am in earnest when I say that I am considering retiring. Of course, I won’t leave all of a sudden, unexpectedly. But at the next Council I intend to point out that too many things that are taking place in our church life do not sit well with me. And if the majority of the episcopacy agree with me than I will not raise the matter of retiring. But if I see that I am alone or see myself in the minority then I will announce that I am retiring. For I cannot head, nor, therefore bear the responsibility for that with which I am not in agreement in principle. In particular, I do not agree with our practice of halfway relations with the American and Parisian schismatics. The Holy Fathers insistently state that long and obdurately continuing schism is close to being heresy, and that it is necessary to relate to stubborn schismatics as to heretics, not allowing any communion with them whatsoever (how Vladyka Anthony’s hair would stand on end at such a pronouncement! But I remain unyielding)… There are very many other matters, too, in particular about Solzhenitsyn, concerning whom I continue to remain more than just cautious…”
Another important dissident was the Moscow priest Fr. Demetrius Dudko, who conducted open meetings in his church that attracted many and influenced many more. Unlike Solzhenitsyn, he knew of the Catacomb Church, and wrote of it in relatively flattering terms. However, Fr. Demetrius was infected with ecumenist and liberal ideas, which, of course, he communicated to his followers. The right attitude to him would have been to applaud his courage and the correct opinions he expressed, while gently seeking to correct his liberalism and ecumenism. In no way was it right to treat him as if he were a true priest in the True Church, and an example to be followed that was no less praiseworthy than those of the true confessors in the catacombs. But that is precisely what many in ROCOR, led by Archbishop Anthony of Geneva, now began to do.
In 1979, in response to a series of protests by Fr. Demetrius against what he saw as excessive strictness on the part of ROCOR towards the MP, Archbishop Anthony, breaking the rule imposed by Metropolitan Anastasy and reasserted by Metropolitan Philaret that ROCOR members should have no contact, “even of an everyday nature”, with Soviet church clergy, wrote to Dudko: “I hasten to console you that the part of the Russian Church which lives in freedom beyond the bounds of the homeland, has never officially considered the Moscow Patriarchate, which is recognised in the USSR, as graceless…. We have never dared to deny the grace-filled nature of the official church, for we believe that the sacraments carried out by her clergy are sacraments. Therefore out bishops received your clergy into the Church Abroad in their existing rank… On the other hand, the representatives of the Catacomb Church in Russia accuse us of not wanting to recognise the Moscow Patriarchate as graceless.”
However, in 1980, Fr. Demetrius was arrested, which was closely followed by the arrest of his disciples Victor Kapitanchuk and Lev Regelson. Then Dudko issued a recantation on Soviet television in which he confessed that his “so-called struggle with godlessness” was in fact “a struggle with Soviet power”. Regelson confessed to having “criminal ties” with foreign correspondents and of mixing religious activity with politics, while Kapitanchuk also confessed to links with Western correspondents, saying that he had “inflicted damage on the Soviet state for which I am very sorry”. Both men implicated others in their “crimes”.
Metropolitan Philaret had been proved right – although many continued to justify Dudko and denounced the zealots for “judging” him. But it was not a question of “judging”, and nobody rejoiced in the fall of the dissident. It was a question of the correct discerning of the boundaries of the Church and the correct attitude to those struggling outside it.
The metropolitan wrote that the tragedy had overtaken Dudko because his activity had taken place from within the Moscow Patriarchate – that is, “outside the True Church”. And he continued: “What is the ‘Soviet church’? Fr. Archimandrite Constantine has said often and insistently that the most terrible thing that the God-fighting authorities have done to Russia is the appearance of the ‘Soviet church’, which the Bolsheviks offered up to the people as the True Church, having driven the real Orthodox Church into the catacombs or the concentration camps. This false church has been twice anathematised. His Holiness Patriarch Tikhon and the All-Russian Church Council anathematised the communists and all their co-workers. This terrible anathema has not been lifted to this day and preserves its power, since it can be lifted only by an All-Russian Church Council, as being the canonically higher Church authority. And a terrible thing happened in 1927, when the leader of the Church, Metropolitan Sergius, by his shameful apostate declaration submitted the Russian Church to the Bolsheviks and declared that he was cooperating with them. In the most exact sense the expression of the prayer before confession was fulfilled: ‘fallen under his own anathema’! For in 1918 the Church anathematised all the co-workers of communism, and in 1927 she herself entered into the company of these co-workers and began to praise the red God-fighting authorities – to praise the red beast of which the Apocalypse speaks. And this is not all. When Metropolitan Sergius published his criminal declaration, the faithful children of the Church immediately separated from the Soviet church, and the Catacomb Church was created. And she in her turn anathematised the official church for her betrayal of Christ… We receive clergymen from Moscow not as ones possessing grace, but as ones receiving it by the very act of union. But to recognize the church of the evil-doers as the bearer and repository of grace – that we, of course, cannot do. For outside of Orthodoxy there is no grace; and the Soviet church has deprived itself of grace.”
Another important cause of conflict between Metropolitan Philaret and Archbishop Anthony of Geneva was the issue of relations with the Serbian Church. The Serbs had joined the WCC in 1965 and were as fully under the control of the communists as the MP. In spite of this, Archbishop Anthony continued to serve with the Serbs in his West European diocese, citing the pre-war hospitality of the Serbs to ROCOR in his justification. He also continued to serve with the new calendarists, which led to several parishes leaving his diocese, and to the Matthewite Greek Old Calendarists breaking communion with ROCOR in 1976.
In connection with the Serbian issue Metropolitan Philaret wrote to him: “I consider it my duty to point out to you, Vladyka, that your assertion that we must thank the Serbian Church for her treatment of us, I fully accept, but only as regards her past – the glorious past of the Serbian Church. Yes, of course, we must holy the names of their Holinesses Patriarchs Demetrius and Barnabas in grateful memory for their precious support of the Church Abroad at that time when she had no place to lay her head.
“There is no denying that a certain honour is due the Serbian Church for her refusing to condemn our Church Abroad at the parasynagogue in Moscow in 1971, and also on later occasions when Moscow again raised the matter. But then, on the other hand, she did participate in the aforementioned parasynagogue, when it elected Pimen, and the Serbian hierarchs did not protest against this absolutely anti-canonical election, when he who had already been chosen and appointed by the God-hating regime was elected. Our Council of 1971 did not, and could not, recognize Pimen, whereas the Serbian Patriarchate recognized and does recognize him, addressing him as Patriarch, and is in full communion with him. And thus she opposes us directly, for we attempt at all times to explain to the “Free World” that the Soviet Patriarchate is not the genuine representative and head of the much-suffering Russian Church. But the Serbian Church recognizes her as such, and by so doing commits a grave sin against the Russian Church and the Russian Orthodox people.
“How can there be any talk here of a special gratitude to her? Oh, if the Serbian Church would, while recognizing our righteousness, likewise directly and openly, boldly recognize the unrighteousness of the Soviets! Well – then there would truly be something for us to thank her for! But now, as it is, while extending one hand to us, she extends her other hand to our opponents and the enemies of God and the Church. If it pleases you, having shut your eyes to this sad reality, to thank the Serbs for such ‘exploits’ of theirs, then that is your affair, but I am not a participant in this expression of gratitude.
“How dangerous are compromises in matters of principle! They render people powerless in defence of the Truth. Why is it that the Serbian Patriarchate cannot resolve to sever communion with the Soviet hierarchy? Because she herself is travelling along the same dark and dangerous path of compromise with the God-hating communists. True, she has not progressed along that path to the extent that the Soviet hierarchy has, and she attempts to preach and defend the faith, but if the shades and nuances here are quite different, yet, in principle, the matter stands on one and the same level”.
Metropolitan Philaret was the humblest and meekest of men. However, when it came to matters of the faith, he showed no partiality to anyone. Thus in 1970 Archbishop Averky of Syracuse and Jordanville, who was a zealot for the faith and close to the views of the metropolitan, permitted Monophysite heretics to serve in the Jordanville community’s church out of “pastoral condescension”. On hearing of this, the metropolitan ordered the church to be immediately closed and re-sanctified as having been defiled by heretics. Then, in a letter to Archbishop Averky, he pointed out all the anticanonicity of this act, emphasising that it could be justified by no economy and expressing the fear that the faithful children of ROCOR would turn away from her if similar incidents were repeated…
Sorrows and Joys
Metropolitan Philaret had to suffer many slanders and attacks, even physical ones. Once a certain archimandrite in his presence declared to the other hierarchs that it was necessary quickly to remove “such an unfitting Metropolitan”… Again, in 1977, to a layman who was protesting against the ecumenist activities of Archbishop Anthony of Geneva, he said that while he agreed with his protest, he could do nothing to help him because he had a gun at his head – and at this point he formed the fingers of his right hand in the form of a revolver and pointed it at his temple.
On another occasion, the holy hierarch came to England and was asked by the ruling hierarch, Archbishop Nikodim of Richmond and Great Britain, why he had criticised the baptism of a group of laypeople in his diocese. The metropolitan said he had no objection and asked to see his letter. On being shown it, he said that he had not written it – his signature had been forged…
According to Fr. Alexis Makrikov, several attempts were made on his life. One took place when he was returning by ship from the Lesna convent in France to the USA. Suddenly the fire in the ship’s furnace became so powerful that the smoke-stack became white-hot. The captain of the ship, seeing no possibility of quenching the force of the fire, which threaten to melt down the smoke-stack and engulf the whole ship, turned for help to Metropolitan Philaret and asked him to pray, because in his opinion only God could save the ship and its passengers. The saint listened to the captain and immediately began to pray to God. Between 10 and 20 minutes passed, and the smoke-stack began to cool and turn red. And within an hour it had become black again. The ship was saved by the grace of God! The captain again came to the metropolitan, kissed his hand and thanked him for his prayers…
In spite of the opposition of individual bishops and clergy, as well as the enemies from outside the Church, Metropolitan Philaret was loved by the broad masses of the church people. As during his life in Harbin, the holy hierarch refused nobody help on his becoming First-Hierarch. He took special care over the spiritual enlightenment of the young people, whom he very much loved and by whom he was always surrounded.
He taught people true humility and repentance: “Sometimes people say about themselves: “Oh, I’m very religious, I’m a deep believer,” – and they say this sincerely, thinking that can in actual fact say this about themselves with good reason… From the life of the Church we see that those who really had true faith always thought about themselves and their faith in a very humble way, and always considered and were conscious of themselves as being of little faith… He who really believes does not trust his faith and sees himself as being of little faith, who in essence does not have the true faith thinks that he believes deeply…
“We see a similar ‘paradox’ in the moral, ethical and spiritual evaluation of a person;… righteous men see themselves as sinners, while sinners see themselves as righteous.
“… In the soul of a sinner unenlightened by the Grace of God, who does not think about the spiritual life, who does not think about correction, who does not think about how he will answer for himself before God, everything has merged together, and he himself can make out nothing in it; only the all-seeing God sees the pitiful condition of the soul of this man. But he himself does not feel it and does not notice it, and thinks that he is not that bad, and that the passages in the Gospel that talk about great sinners have no relationship at all to him. Perhaps he does not think of himself as holy, but he supposes that he is not that bad…
“Those who were pleasing to God thought of themselves in a completely different way and saw themselves and their spiritual nature in a completely different light. One ascetic wept all the time; his disciple asked him: ‘Father, what are you weeping about?’ ‘About my sins, my son,’ he replied. ‘But what sins can you have? And why do you weep over them so much?’ ‘My son,’ replied the ascetic, ‘if I could see my sins as they should be seen, in all their ugliness, I would ask you to weep for my sins together with me.’ That is how these extraordinary people spoke about themselves. But we, being ordinary people, do not see our sinfulness and do not feel its weight. Hence it turns out as I have just said: a person comes to confession and does not know what to say. One woman arriving for confession just said: ‘Batyushka, I’ve forgotten everything.’ What do you think: if a man has a painful hand or leg or some inner organ, and goes to the doctor, will he forget that he has a pain? So is it with the soul: if it really burns with a feeling of repentance, it will not forget its sins. Of course, not one person can remember all his sins – all to the last one, without exception. But true repentance unfailing demands that a man should be conscious of his sinfulness and feel sincere compunction over it.
“We pray in the Great Fast that the Lord grant us to behold our sins – our sins, and not other people’s. But it is necessary to pray about this not only in the Fast, but at all times – to pray that the Lord may teach us to see ourselves as we should and not think about our supposed ‘righteousness’. But we must remember that only the mercy of God can open a man’s eyes to his true spiritual condition and in this way place him on the path of true repentance.”
During the period of service of Metropolitan Philaret as first-hierarch of the Russian Church Abroad many new saints of God were glorified by the Church Abroad: Righteous John of Kronstadt (in 1964), St. Herman of Alaska (in 1971), Blessed Xenia of St. Petersburg (in 1978), the Synaxis of the New Martyrs and Confessors of Russia (1981) and St. Paisius Velichkovsky (1982).
Of these canonizations the most significant was that of the Holy New Martyrs and Confessors of Russia. Unlike the seemingly similar act of the MP in 2000, this act did not confuse true martyrs with false, true servants of Christ with sergianists and traitors. Its influence within Russia was great.
In 1982 a great miracle of the mercy of God was revealed – the wonder-working icon of the Iveron-Montreal icon of the Mother of God, which in the course of fifteen years unceasingly emitted myrrh until its disappearance in 1997
The Anathema against Ecumenism
Time passed, and it became clearer and clearer that it was impossible for the Orthodox to have any kind of communion with the “churches” of World Orthodoxy, let alone be in them. In 1980 the ecumenical press-service (ENI) declared that the WCC was working out a plan for the union of the all Christian denominations into one new religion. In 1981 in Lima (Peru) an inter-confessional eucharistic service was devised at a conference during which Protestant and Orthodox representatives in the WCC agreed that the baptism, eucharist and ordination of all the denominations was valid and acceptable. But the greatest scandal was elicited by the Vancouver General Assembly of the WCC in 1983. Present at it were representatives of all existing religions, and it began with a pagan rite performed by the local Indians. Orthodox hierarchs took part in the religious ceremonies together with representatives of all the world’s religions.
The ROCOR Synod was also meeting in Canada at this time. It condemned this latest and most extreme manifestation of ecumenism: “In its decision of 28 July / 10 August, our Council explained that the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia does not participate in the World Council of Churches insofar as the latter attempts to represent those assembled in it, representatives of religions differing in their opinions, as though they had some sort of unity in faith. In reality, though, this very position is a lie, inasmuch as they, members of various confessions and sects, have not given up their points of disagreement with each other, much less with the Orthodox Church, in dogmas and in fundamental attitudes. In the name of unifying formulas, these differences of opinion are not destroyed, but are just set aside. Instead of the unshakable truths of the faith, they try to see only opinions, not obligatory for anyone. In reply to the confession of the one Orthodox Faith, they say together with Pilate: ‘What is truth?’ And the nominally Orthodox members of the Ecumenical Movement more and more deserve the reproach of the Angel of the Church of Laodicea: ‘I know your works: you are neither hot nor cold: O if only you were hot or cold’ (Revelation 3.15). A clear manifestation of such false union was the serving of the so-called Lima Liturgy…”
Then the Synod anathematised ecumenism, declaring: “To those who attack the Church of Christ by teaching that Christ’s Church is divided into so-called ‘branches’ which differ in doctrine and way of life, or that the Church does not exist visibly, but will be formed in the future when all ‘branches’ or sects or denominations, and even religions will be united in one body; and who do not distinguish the priesthood and mysteries of the Church from those of the heretics, but say that the baptism and eucharist of heretics is effectual for salvation; therefore to those who knowingly have communion with these aforementioned heretics or advocate, disseminate , or defend their new heresy of Ecumenism under the pretext of brotherly love or the supposed unification of separated Christians, Anathema.”
The Anathema against Ecumenism was seized upon with delight by the True Orthodox not only in ROCOR, but also in Greece and on Mount Athos, and may be considered the single most important ecclesiastical act of the True Orthodox Church in the second half of the twentieth century. For many who had been worried that ROCOR was not being firm and clear enough in her dealings with the ecumenists, it put an end to their doubts and reaffirmed their faith in her. The import of the anathema was clear: all Orthodox Churches that were fully participating members of the WCC fell under it and so were deprived of the grace of sacraments. Moreover, those in communion with the ecumenist heretics became participants in the same heresy. De facto, the ecumenists had already fallen away from the Church, and the anathema only witnessed to the faithful at large that they were outside the Church.
The opponents of this decisive break with “World Orthodoxy” said and say much about the “invalidity” of this anathema – to the extent of saying that the hierarchs of ROCOR accepted no anathema at all, but that certain “evil-minded people” simply introduced it into the text of the Acts of the Council. However, this seems improbable: after all, none of the hierarchs later renounced the anathema (in fact, it was reaffirmed in council in 1998), none of them said that he had not signed it; the anathematisation of ecumenism was introduced into the Synodicon of the Sunday of the Triumph of Orthodoxy…
Thus the work of Metropolitan Philaret’s whole life found its highest expression in a historical act having universal significance for the whole fullness of Orthodoxy – in the official anathematisation of “the heresy of heresies” and the apostates of our age. It is evident that no exhortation directed at the “Orthodox” ecumenists could have any effect, and a very powerful cauterisation was necessary in order to halt the general infection.
In one of his sermons, while speaking about those who transgress the teaching of the Church, he explained the significance of the anathema: “The Church declares that they have cut themselves off from communion with the Church, having ceased to listen to her maternal voice. And this is not only for the information of others, so that they should know this, but also for the good of the excommunicates themselves. The Church hopes that this threatening warning, at any rate, will act upon them…”
“The distinguishing characteristic of our time,” he used to say, “is that people are now more and more possessed by indifference to the Divine truth. Many beautiful words are spoken, but in fact – in reality – people are completely indifferent to the truth. Such indifference was once displayed by Pilate, when the Lord stood before him at his trial. Before Pilate stood the Truth Himself, but he sceptically declared: “What is truth?” – that is, does it exist? And if it does, then it is a long way from us, and perhaps does not exist. And with complete indifference he turned away from Him Who announced the truth to him, Who was the Truth Himself. And now people have become similarly indifferent. You have probably more than once heard supposedly Christian words about the union of all into one faith, into one religion. But remember that what lies behind this is precisely indifference to the truth. If the truth were dear to a man, he would never go on this path. It is precisely because the truth is of little interest to everyone, and they simply want somehow to make simpler and more convenient arrangements in matters of the faith, too, that they say: ‘Everyone must unite’…
“Brethren, we must fear this indifference to the truth. Our Lord Jesus Christ in the Apocalypse clearly indicates to us how terrible indifference to the truth is. There he turns to the Angel standing at the head of the Laodicean Church and says: ‘I know thy works. Thou art neither cold nor hot. Oh if only thou wast hot or cold! But since thou art neither cold nor hot (but lukewarm – neither the one nor the other, the truth is not dear to thee), I will spew thee from My mouth!’ As an organism cast out of itself something which is absolutely repulsive and harmful to it.
“Let us remember that this indifference to the truth is one of the main woes of our age of apostasies. Value the truth, O man! Be a fighter for the truth… Place the truth higher than all else in life, O man, and never allow yourself to decline in any way from the true path.
“… There are now many attacks on the Church Abroad. Not one Church is reviled as much today. And the servers of other Churches are not reviled as much as the servants of the Church Abroad. What does this mean? This is the most reliable sign that our Church stands in the truth, and therefore every lie, every unrighteousness has taken up arms against her in war… She stands in the truth and preaches this truth, announces it and defends it – hence all these attacks on her.
“Let us remember and value the fact that you and I belong to the Holy Church, which in no way sins against the truth, but contains it in such a way as our Lord Jesus Christ and the holy apostles commanded. Amen.”
Repose and Miracles
The holy hierarch Metropolitan Philaret passed away to the Lord on November 8/21, 1985, on the day of the Chief Captain of the Heavenly Hosts, St. Michael. In his typewriter after his repose was found a sheet of paper with the following words of the Lord addressed to the angel of the Church of Philadelphia: “Hold fast that which thou hast, that no man take thy crown” (Revelation 3.11). Truly he was an angel of the Philadelphian Church, the True Orthodox Church of Christ, and the righteous accuser of the Laodicean Church, the church of ecumenist indifference to the truth, the church of the Antichrist…
Nearly thirteen years passed, and it was arranged that the remains of Metropolitan Philaret should be transferred from the burial-vault under the altar of the cemetery Dormition church of the Holy Trinity monastery in Jordanville into a new burial-vault behind the monastery’s main church. In connection with this, it was decided, in preparation for the transfer, to carry out an opening of the tomb. On November 10, 1998 Archbishop Laurus of Syracuse and Holy Trinity, together with the clergy of the community, served a pannikhida in the burial vault; the coffin of Metropolitan Philaret was placed in the middle of the room and opened. The relics of the metropolitan were found to be completely incorrupt, they were of a light colour; the skin, beard and hair were completely preserved. His vestments, Gospel, and the paper with the prayer of absolution were in a state of complete preservation. Even the white cloth that covered his body from above had preserved its blinding whiteness, which greatly amazed the undertaker who was present at the opening of the coffin – he said that this cloth should have become completely black after three years in the coffin… It is noteworthy that the metal buckles of the Gospel in the coffin fell into dust on being touched – they had rusted completely; this witnessed to the fact that it was very damp in the tomb; and in such dampness nothing except these buckles suffered any damage! In truth this was a manifest miracle of God.
However, the reaction of Archbishop Laurus to this manifest miracle was unexpected: he ordered that the coffin with the relics be again closed…
On the eve of the reburial of the relics, November 20, at the beginning of the fourth hour of the day, the coffin of the holy hierarch was taken from the Dormition church to the monastery church of the Holy Trinity in a car. The pannikhida was served by Archbishop Laurus and 20 clergy. None of the other hierarchs of ROCOR came to the translation of the relics of the holy hierarch Philaret (only Bishop Gabriel of Manhattan wanted to come, but he was hindered by a sudden illness). After the pannikhida the coffin with the body of the holy hierarch was placed in the side wall of the church, and at 19.00 the All-Night Vigil began. The next day, November 21, Archbishop Laurus headed the celebration of the Divine Liturgy in the church. With him concelebrated 18 priests and 11 deacons, several more clergy who had arrived prayed with the laypeople in the church itself. About 400 people gathered in the over-crowded church. All those present were greatly upset and grieved by the fact that during the pannikhida, as during the All-Night Vigil and the Liturgy, the coffin with the relics of Metropolian Philaret remained sealed. In spite of the numerous requests of clergy and laity, who had specially come to Jordanville so as to kiss the relics of the holy hierarch, Archbishop Laurus refused to open the coffin. He also very strictly forbade making photocopies from the shots that had already been taken of the incorrupt relics of the saint or even to show them to anyone. Archbishop Laurus called on those assembled to pray for the peace of the soul of the reposed First Hierarch until the will of God should be revealed concerning his veneration among the ranks of the saints… After the Liturgy a pannikhida was served, and then the coffin with the relics of the holy hierarch Philaret were taken in a cross procession around the Holy Trinity cathedral and then to the prepared place in the burial vault, where Archbishop Laurus consigned the honourable relics of the holy hierarch to the earth.
Several miracles have been recorded since the repose of Metropolitan Philaret.
Matushka Tatiana Fyodorov, the wife of Protopriest Constantine Fyodorov, writes: “During the time of the church troubles shortly after Metropolitan Philaret reposed, my husband was suffering very much over it. Hearing both sides of these sad situations finally ‘got to him’. He prayed to Metropolitan Philaret about it. He was very tired and fell asleep. He had a dream that he was in church, fully vested for the Divine Liturgy, and was told that Metropolitan Philaret was coming unexpectedly. He prepared to meet the Bishop with the Holy Cross on the plate. The altar boy gave Metropolitan Philaret the staff and Metropolitan gave the altar boy his staff. Metropolitan was looking very radiant and young. Then Fr. Constantine put the plate with the Holy Cross on the analoy, which is not customarily done, made a full prostration before the metropolitan and said: ‘Vladyka, it is so difficult for me.’ The metropolitan answered: ‘Yes, I know. But you, Fr. Constantine, should think less and pray more.’ Father tried to get up from the prostration but the metropolitan pinned his head down with the staff. At that moment, Father woke up full of joy and peace, but with a headache where the staff had been placed on his head. Since than, he feels Metropolitan is looking after him, and is always there to help.
“In December of 2005, soon after the Feast of the Entrance of the Theotokos into the Temple, Father suffered terrible pains in the bones of his legs. He could not even walk. He had severe, excruciating pain. To try to get up he had to use crutches or a wheelchair, all with intense pain. From the severe pain he could not even sleep. He remained in bed for several days, thinking it would get better if he took some pain killers. That didn't help either. It was the worst he ever suffered, as he does have some bone problems. On Friday he finally called the doctor. He said he would come on Saturday with a specialist. That Friday evening we prayed from the Canon for the Sick and Father asked Blessed Metropolitan Philaret to help him. After the prayers, Father finally fell asleep peacefully for the night without pain. Lo, and behold, the next morning he was relieved of the pain so that he could walk normally! The doctor came with the specialist, examined him, asked questions and gave him some medicine. He said it was a bone virus. The pain did not come back and he was able to walk. Thanks be to God!”
The following six miracles were collected by Nun Cassia (Senina), the author of the first published life of the saint (to which this life owes much) and of a forthcoming book entitled Fiery Pillar. Metropolitan Philaret (Voznesensky) of New York and Eastern America and the Russian Church Abroad (1964-1985):
1. The account of Protodeacon Christopher Birchall (Canada). I was told this story by Lydia Mikhailovna Klar, the wife of Evgenia Iosiphovich Klar, the dean of the Jordanville seminary. In 1994 it was discovered that their daughter-in-law, Irina Klar, was ill with cancer. Her husband, Michael, a doctor by profession, was in despair. He prayed ardently for her recovery, and at times it seemed that the illness was in recession. Recently, however, in 1997, there was a sharp deterioration. Lydia Mikhailovna gave the pious spouses a shirt that had belonged to Metropolitan Philaret, which she in her time had received from the cell-attendant of the hierarch, Protodeacon Nikita Chakirov. Irina put it on and immediately sensed a powerful fragrance; she thought that someone in the room had poured out some perfume. Irina and Michael prayed fervently for the whole evening, and then Irina fell asleep in this shirt. The next morning she felt significantly better and went to the hospital for an examination. As a result of the investigation it became clear that the cancerous tumour had become 70 times smaller! There was no rational explanation for this, and the hospital personnel were amazed. At the end of 1998 Irina’s tumour again began to grow. After the remains of Metropolitan Philaret had been uncovered and found to be incorrupt, Archimandrite Luke from Jordanville became to gather information on miracles. Irina decided that she had to tell him about her healing, and felt that she had not been right when she had been silent about it earlier. After she told Fr. Luke what had happened, she again felt better. Since then (a year has passed) she has been in good health. The cancerous tumour had not completely disappeared, but it has become so much smaller that Irina can carry on a normal life and dedicate herself to the upbringing of her children.
2. The account of Priest Stephen Allen (USA). Above my desk a photograph of Metropolitan Philaret has been hanging for a long time. I attached no particular significance to it. But suddenly I had the thought that I should light a lampada in front of it and pray to Vladyka. Several days later I was informed that his incorrupt relics had been uncovered in Jordanville. And now I always pray to the holy hierarch Philaret.
3. The account of Protopriest Constantine Fyodorov (France). Just before going to Jordanville, on the occasion of the uncovering of the relics of Metropolitan Philaret, Matushka and I made a big trip around France. After two hours (it was necessary to travel seven hour in all), the car stalled. It seemed as if the petrol had run out. No matter how much I pumped the pedal, nothing helped. There was nothing around us, and my matushka panicked. I said: ‘There’s no need to worry so much – I’m wearing the epitrachelion of Metropolitan Philaret, and the main thing is that I have the Life-giving Cross. You’d better get down to praying.’ A couple of seconds passed, and suddenly she said from the heart: ‘Vladyko Metropolitan, help. It’s your child sitting here. Not for my sake, I’m unworthy, but for his sake, help us. Arrange it so that we can go further.’ I turned the key, and the machine started as if nothing had happened. That was a great joy for my matushka.
4. The account of Elena Kudryavtseva (Moscow). Some time ago, the symptoms of an allergy appeared in our little son. It got worse and worse from day to day. The doctors could give no coherent explanation of the rash, which spread all over his body, and in places was turning into a hard crust. Medicines provided only insignificant relief. Moreover, it was not without harm for the child to take the tablets so often. We didn’t know how to be or what to do. An acquaintance of ours, a pious and sincere person, who venerated Vladyka Philaret (Voznesensky), told a story about a seriously ill person who was taken to hospital. The doctors had already lost hope of curing him. The sick person took a photograph of the hierarch and with faith placed it on the painful place. Soon he improved, an operation was not required, and he was healed from his serious illness. Remembering this story, we took a photograph of the hierarch Philaret (Voznesensky) which had been taken not long before his death by Protopriest Constantine Fyodorov, and put it under the bed of the child. The next day the crusts on the legs of the child had begun to peel off, the rash became less, and after a time the symptoms of the allergy disappeared completely.
5. The account of Nun Cassia (Senina) (St. Petersburg). When in 1999 I was writing an article about the hierarch Philaret, ‘The Angel of the Philadelphian Church’, I was thinking: it’s interesting: am I right in all that I am writing, that is, am I right in feeling that the general direction of the life and actions of are genuinely True Orthodox and a reversal of the whole course of ROCOR in the direction of akriveia towards the apostates from the faith? (The question, as it turned out later, was not an idle one, insofar as, after the issue with the article came out, a ROCOR ‘patriot’, thinking that her hierarchs could not err in any way, in a private conversation accused me of re-interpreting the actions and words of the hierarch Philaret in the direction that I desired, when in actual fact, supposedly, he had never thought of breaking completely with the ecumenists, and that the present hierarchs of ROCOR were not departing from his course, but on the contrary were developing it.) The hierarch Philaret himself assured me of the correctness of my view by working a miracle. At that time I had already for several months been suffering from a strong pain in my side. At first, when it was only a little painful, I paid no attention to it, thinking that it would go away of itself. Two months passed, but the pains increased. I really do not like going to doctors, but I had to. As often happens, they did not give any coherent explanation. I was prescribed some medicines, but they didn’t help. In the end I decided to go to a private doctor, and the day before I suddenly remembered: tomorrow was the commemoration of the holy righteous Philaret the Merciful (December 1/14) – that is, the namesday of the hierarch Philaret! I rejoiced and thought: well, the hierarch will heal me. Moreover, it did not occur to me that he would miraculously heal me himself, I simply thought that he would help me find a good doctor who would finally begin to treat me properly. In the evening I prayed to St. Philaret the Merciful and the hierarch Philaret, and the next day it turned out that I could not go to the doctor, and I had to return home with nothing. I was going back somewhat discouraged, thinking: well, it was probably the will of God… But on the way back home the pain in my side stopped. At first, for some reason I paid not attention to this, since I had felt some relief on previous occasions. But time past, and the pain did not return. I understood that the hierarch Philaret had healed me. The illness did not completely disappear from that day: although the sharp pains had gone, I still felt a little pain at times. The pain stopped completely some time later, in the year 2000, after I had received communion on the day of the commemoration of the hierarch, October 28 / November 10.
6. The account of Irina Smirnova (Konigsberg). I am a journalist. I obtained work in the editorial office of a newspaper, but it was very difficult for me working there: I began to get an allergy from the ordinary dust, since I cannot be in an unventilated place, whereas my neighbour in the office, on the contrary did not like draughts and was always closing not only the hinged pane, but even the door into the office. I was suffocating, I was dying, I ran to inject myself, without pills I couldn’t enter the office. An acquaintance of mine advised me to pray for help to the hierarch Philaret. I began to pray to him, and soon the editor gave me a separate office, and I simply, so to speak, ‘rose from the dead’….
The following miracle was accomplished through the prayers of Metropolitan Philaret took place on the feast of St. Stephen, January 9, 2006. It took place in the True Orthodox women's monastery of New Stenik, which has just been built in a very remote part of Serbia in spite of threats to destroy it coming from the false patriarchate of Serbia. The nuns were expelled from Old Stenik a few years ago because of their opposition to the heresy of ecumenism, and are under the omophorion of a hierarch of the “Florinite” branch of the True Orthodox Church of Greece.
Nun Ipomoni (which means “patience” in Greek) suffers from very severe asthma attacks. On this day, she had the most severe attack yet and suffocated. For 20 minutes she did not breathe and her body was without any sign of life. Now it should be noted that a few days before this, the 10 nuns in this monastery led by Schema-Abbess Euphrosyne had earnestly prayed to the Lord to give them the fear of God.
During the 20 minutes that she was clinically dead Nun Ipomoni met several demons in a dark tunnel; they got hold of her and were trying to drag her to hell. It was a most terrifying experience. After 20 minutes, Matushka Euphrosyne anointed her dead body with oil from the lampada in front of the icon of Metropolian Philaret of New York. At the moment when the oil touched her head, which felt like an electric shock, she revived and began to move. For some afterwards, she was still very weak and wept all the time. But the next day Fr. Akakie arrived at the monastery, served the liturgy for three days in a row, communed her and gave her the sacrament of Holy Unction. Now she has fully recovered. She feels well, walks and even prepares food.
This whole incident has had a very beneficial effect on all of the nuns. Their prayer to receive the fear of God was answered. And they ardently thank God and his great hierarch, Metropolian Philaret of New York.
March 22 / April 4, 2006.
Birthday of Metropolitan Philaret of New York.
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(Sources: Tatiana Senina, “’And his lot is among the saints…’”, Vertograd-Inform (English edition), № 15, January, 2000, pp. 6-24; Monk Vsevolod (Filipiev), “Mitropolit Filaret: k dvadtsatiletiu co dnia konchiny, 1985-2005”, Pravoslavnaia Rus’, № 22 (1786), November 15/28, 2005, pp. 1-3; Bishop Gregory Grabbe, Pis’ma (Letters), Moscow, 1998, pp. 14-15; Tserkovnaia Zhizn’, №1, 1962; Protopriest Alexis Mikrikov, “Unia s MP privedet k dukhovnoj katastrofe” (The Unia with the MP will lead to a spiritual catastrophe), http://metanthonymemorial.org/VernostNo34.html; Monk Benjamin, Monk Benjamin, “Letopis’ Tserkovnykh Sobytij Pravoslavnoj Tserkvi nachinaia s 1917 goda” (A Chronicle of Church Events of the Orthodox Church beginning from 1917), Metropolitan Valentine of Suzdal, Nativity Epistle, 2000/2001; Ivan Ostroumoff, The History of the Council of Florence, pp. 193-199; Archbishop Averky, Sovremennost’ v svete Slova Bozhia. Slova i Rechi (Contemporary Life in the Light of the Word of God: Sermons and Speeches (1969-1973)), Jordanville: Holy Trinity Monastery, 1975, vol. III, pp. 216 ; Fr. Alexey Young, The Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia: A History and Chronology, San Bernardino: The Borgo Press, 1993, pp. 117-118; Nun Vassa (Larin) “’Glory be to God, Who did not Abandon His Church’, The Self-Awareness of ROCOR at the Third All-DiasporaCouncilof1974”,http://www.russianorthodoxchurch.ws/01newstructure/pagesen/articles/svassasobor.htm; A. Golitsyn, The Perestroika Deception, London and New York: Edward Harle, 1995, p. 175; Protodeacon Basil Yakimov, “Re: Fundamental Question”, email@example.com, 4 June, 2003; Vertograd-Inform, № 11 (68), November, 2000, pp. 52-53; Vertograd-Inform, № 11 (44), November, 1998, pp. 24-27, 28-32; “A Letter from Metropolitan Philaret (Voznesensky) to a Priest of the Church Abroad concerning Father Dimitry Dudko and the Moscow Patriarchate”, Vertograd-Inform, № 4, February, 1999, pp. 16-20; Vestnik Zapadno-Evropejskoj Eparkhii (Herald of the Western European Diocese), 1979, № 14; Tserkovnie Novosti (Church News), № 4 (95), June-July, 2001, p. 9; "A Contemporary Patristic Document", Orthodox Christian Witness, November 14/27, 1983, p. 3; "Encyclical Letter of the Council of Bishops of the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia", Orthodox Life, vol. 33, № 6, November-December, 1983, p. 13; Hieroschemamonk Akakije, personal communication, March, 2006; Matushka Tatiana Fyodorov, personal communication, April, 2006; Nun Xenia (Mitrenina), personal communication, April, 2006)
* * * * *
 Matushka gives the following account of this miracle: “When living in France, we started a long trip in an old van from the Lesna Convent to Brittany, to visit friends. We were in the middle of nowhere when all of a sudden the car went dead. No matter what my husband did he couldn't get it started. He checked everything but was afraid he might drain the battery. By that time I was very worried. No one was around, no cars, no people. Father said, ‘Instead of getting upset, why don't you pray.’ So I began to pray to Metropolitan Philaret to help us as he was my husband's spiritual father when he was alive, and to us he is a Saint. I prayed in simple words. I asked with all my heart. My husband tried starting the car again and all of a sudden it worked! We continued our trip and the car made it with no problem! Even got back safely on the return trip also!”
* * *
СЛОВО В ДЕНЬ КУРСКОЙ - КОРЕННОЙ ИКОНЫ БОЖИЕЙ МАТЕРИ.
О РУССКОЙ ПРАВОСЛАВНОЙ ЦЕРКВИ ЗАГРАНИЦЕЙ.
МИТРОПОЛИТ ФИЛАРЕТ (ВОЗНЕСЕНСКИЙ)
Во имя Отца и Сына и Святаго Духа!
Образ Курской - Коренной иконы Божией Матери, эта древняя прославленная святыня Русской земли, есть, конечно, дар Божий и дар Преблагословенной Матери Христа Бога нашего нашей Русской Церкви Зарубежной, нашему русскому православному Зарубежью. Не напрасно именуют этот образ - образом Божией Матери Одигитрии, то есть, Путеводительницы, ибо на нашем многоскорбном, многотрудном пути она есть нам - утешение, ибо уповаем мы, что она, именно как премудрая и благая путеводительница, будет вести и приведет нас туда, куда должно придти всем и каждому из нас.
В самом начале бытия, существования, жизни нашей Русской Зарубежной Церкви, когда в результате нашей, так называемой, "бескровной", а в действительности страшной кровавой братоубийственной и отвратительной революции, много русских людей оказалось за пределами России, то тогда, повинуясь указу святейшего патриарха Тихона, главы Русской Поместной Церкви, другой великий иерарх русский, блаженнейший митрополит Антоний организовал и создал Зарубежную Русскую Церковь, именно - еще в эти годы первые, послереволюционные, и поставил ее на твердый канонический путь.
И тогда, в эти первые годы ея бытия, она пред миром предстояла как общепризнанная огромная духовная сила. Ее безусловно признавали другие Поместные Церкви, с нею считались, и часто влиятельный и сильный голос ея главы митрополита Антония вносил большие перемены в церковную жизнь заграницей. Но врагу нашего спасения и тем врагам Бога и Церкви, которые засели в нашей несчастной столице Москве, невыносимо было видеть эту силу духовную. И они стали прилагать все усилия к тому, чтобы как-то ее, если не уничтожить, то, во всяком случае, как-то ослабить, хотя бы внешне. И добились они этого тем, что сначала отпала от нея одна значительная часть, потом - другая. Но, однако же, Зарубежная Церковь осталась твердо [верна] своему пути и своему назначению, ибо она поставила своей священной целью нерушимо хранить Апостольскую, и святоотеческую веру православную, и традиции наши священныя и добрыя и спасительныя, и неприкосновенными донести их до того момента, на который все мы уповаем: что Господь освободит нашу Церковь и нашу страну и наш народ.
И вот идет Зарубежная Церковь своим путем. Думается, никто из вас не будет обвинять меня в преувеличении, если скажу я, что этот путь не только крестный путь, но почти каждый шаг Зарубежной Церкви в каком-то смысле кровью отмечен. Посмотрите на все эти годы! На кого летят обвинения? Кого поносят в печати и в разных разговорах и сплетнях? - Русскую Зарубежную Церковь. Ни о какой другой так не говорят! Ни на какую другую так не нападают. Травят ея священнослужителей, нападают на самый ея центр, не понимая того, что ведь это только на руку врагам ея. Конечно, если и на солнце есть пятна, как говорят, то ведь никогда и никакого человека, какое бы он положение не занимал или в обществе или даже в Церкви, никогда ни о каком человеке нельзя сказать или думать, что он абсолютно безгрешен, что он никогда ни в чем не ошибается. Ошибки всегда бывают там, где работают и трудятся люди.
Но теперь, в это страшное время, как хорошо было бы, если б вместо всего этого люди бы сплотились. Прекратились бы все эти выпады в печати и - просто так, во всяких сплетнях и слухах, и чтоб, действительно, единым монолитом Русская Зарубежная Церковь и верующая масса проходили этот жизненный путь. Мы ведь, Зарубежная Церковь, в значительном смысле этого слова, - одиноки. Официально не признают нас даже каноническою Церковью некоторые другие Поместные Церкви. Так или иначе, в этом смысле, наш путь - крестный путь. Колебаний у нас нет. Мы знаем нашу правду. Пусть мы сами немощны, пока - нечаянно ошибаемся, но наш путь - есть истинный путь, и потому-то как раз так и нападают на нашу Церковь и на служителей ея. Это ведь - верный признак, один из самых вернейших: если только человек один или группа идет правильным путем - непременно будут нападки, непременно будут преследования. Это именно и указывает на то, что путь наш - правильный.
Но, конечно, иногда, быть может, было бы невыносимо тяжело, если бы не имели мы с вами это наше драгоценнейшее сокровище всех сокровищ - наш образ Курской Божией Матери, нашей Одигитрии-Путеводительницы. Она нам Богом дана не напрасно. Приснопамятный архиепископ Феофан с трудами, с опасностью сумел ее вывезти из пределов нашего Отечества. Многие святыни там остались, как вы знаете, многие - поруганы и разрушены, а это сокровище духовное - с нами. И всегда мы должны помнить, что, в этом смысле, особо мы находимся под омофором Преблагословенной Девы Марии. Пусть тяжек наш путь, пусть это - крестный путь, но никогда пусть никому не забирается в голову ошибочная и опасная мысль, что что-нибудь тут неправильно, что нибудь не так. - Нет, верен наш путь, и Божия Матерь как Путеводительница - с нами, ведет нас, и, как тут было сказано, приведет нас туда, куда нам нужно придти. Аминь.
ВЕРНОСТЬ (FIDELITY) Церковно-общественное издание
“Общества Ревнителей Памяти Блаженнейшего Митрополита Антония (Храповицкого)”.
Председатель “Общества” и главный редактор: проф. Г.М. Солдатов.
President of The Blessed Metropolitan Anthony (Khrapovitsky) Memorial Society and Editor in-Chief: Prof. G.M. Soldatow
Сноситься с редакцией можно по е-почте: GeorgeSoldatow@Yahoo.com или
The Metropolitan Anthony Society, 3217-32nd Ave. NE, St. Anthony Village, MN 55418, USA
Secretary/Treasurer: Mr. Valentin Wladimirovich Scheglovski, P.O. BOX 27658, Golden Valley, MN 55427-0658, USA
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Please send your membership application to: Просьба посылать заявления о вступлении в Общество:
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ОБЩЕСТВО БЛАЖЕННЕЙШЕГО МИТРОПОЛИТА АНТОНИЯ
По-прежнему ведет свою деятельность и продолжает издавать электронный вестник «Верность» исключительно за счет членских взносов и пожертвований единомышленников по борьбе против присоединения РПЦЗ к псевдоцеркви--Московской Патриархии. Мы обращаемся кo всем сочувствующим с предложением записаться в члены «Общества» или сделать пожертвование, а уже ставшим членам «Общества» напоминаем o возобновлении своих членских взносов за 2006 год.
Секретарь-казначей «Общества» В.В. Щегловский
The Blessed Metropolitan Anthony Society published in the past, and will continue to publish the reasons why we can not accept at the present time a "unia" with the MP. Other publications are doing the same, for example the Russian language newspaper "Nasha Strana"(N.L. Kasanzew, Ed.) and on the Internet "Sapadno-Evropeyskyy Viestnik" ( Rev.Protodeacon Dr. Herman-Ivanoff Trinadtzaty, Ed.). There is a considerably large group of supporters against a union with the MP; and our Society has representatives in many countries around the world including the RF and the Ukraine. We are grateful for the correspondence and donations from many people that arrive daily. With this support, we can continue to demand that the Church leadership follow the Holy Canons and Teachings of the Orthodox Church.
Советуем нашим читателям читать газету "Наша Страна" а также на узлах интернета: Западно Европейский Вестник - www.karlovtchanin.com и Церковные Ведомости РИПЦ - www.catacomb.org.ua
БЛАНК О ВСТУПЛЕНИИ - MEMBERSHIP APPLICATION
ОБЩЕСТВО РЕВНИТЕЛЕЙ ПАМЯТИ БЛАЖЕННЕЙШЕГО
МИТРОПОЛИТА АНТОНИЯ (ХРАПОВИЦКОГО)
с семьи прилагаю. Учащиеся платят $ 10. Сумма членского взноса относится только к жителям США, Канады и Австралии, остальные платят сколько могут.
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I wish to join the Society and am enclosing the annual membership dues in the amount of $25 per family. Students
pay $ 10. The amount of annual dues is only for those in US, Canada and Australia. Others pay as much as they can afford.
(Larger amounts for postage, typographical and other expenses will be greatly appreciated)
ИМЯ - ОТЧЕСТВО- ФАМИЛИЯ _______________________________________________________________
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АДРЕС И ТЕЛЕФОН:___________________________________________________________________________
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